Secular trends in body height and body mass in 19-year-old polish men based on six national surveys from 1965 to 2010
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Immunologii i Terapii Doświadczalnej im. Ludwika Hirszfelda Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Źródłowe zdarzenia ewaluacyjne
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
angielski
Czasopismo
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF HUMAN BIOLOGY
ISSN
1042-0533
EISSN
1520-6300
Wydawca
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
5
Strony od-do
704-9
Numer tomu
27
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Pozostali autorzy
+ 1
Streszczenia
Język
angielski
Treść
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to determine whether an intergenerational trend toward increased stature is slowing down, and whether body weight has recently increased among young men in Poland, as it has in Western European countries. METHODS: Data were taken from six national surveys of 19-year-old Polish male conscripts from cohorts 1965, 1976, 1986, 1995, 2001, and 2010. RESULTS: The mean stature of this population increased throughout the last 45 years from 170.5 cm in 1965 to 178.3 in 2010. However, the average gain in stature per decade declined from 2.4 cm in the period 1965 to 1976 to 0.8 cm per decade in 1995 to 2001, but increased to 1.0 cm in the last period. The average of body weight increased from 63.2 kg in 1965 to 73.1 in 2010 and body mass index (BMI) rose from 21.73 to 22.94 in the same period. The tempo of increase varied in different periods; between 1965 and 1986 an insignificant increase was observed (of circa 0.12); in 1986 to 1995 there was no increase, whereas the period of 2001 to 2010 witnessed a significant increase (of circa 0.76). CONCLUSIONS: The trend of body size and stature increase within the Polish population, although decelerating, remained positive and steady during the last 45 years. No significant impact of the past half-century's socioeconomic crises was observed in these measures of growth. We concluded that during the economic crises some effective mechanism protecting the living conditions of the children and youth were operating within the population.
Cechy publikacji
artykuł oryginalny
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System-identifier
PX-58aacad0d5de313d3de08989
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