Assessment of Air Pollution Effects on the Respiratory System Based on Pulmonary Function Tests Performed During Spirometry Days
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Instalacji Budowlanych, Hydrotechniki i Inżynierii Środowiska (Politechnika Warszawska)
Źródłowe zdarzenia ewaluacyjne
Książka
Tytuł książki
Ventilatory Disorders
Data publikacji
2015
ISBN
978-3-319-20193-1
Wydawca
Springer International Publishing
Publikacja
Główny język publikacji
angielski
Tytuł rozdziału
Assessment of Air Pollution Effects on the Respiratory System Based on Pulmonary Function Tests Performed During Spirometry Days
Rok publikacji
2015
Strony (od-do)
43-52
Numer rozdziału
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0,5
Hasło encyklopedyczne
Słowa kluczowe
angielski
Asthma
Bronchial obstruction
COPD
Pulmonary function test
Respiratory disease
Screening
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
The Polish Spirometry Day is an initiative aimed at increasing awareness of the causes, symptoms, course, and effects that accompany respiratory diseases, especially asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In 2013, the second edition of the Spirometry Day was held. It gathered 180 medical centers and other institution. The final analysis encompassed a total of 1187 persons from 26 different locations, including rural areas, and smaller and larger city agglomerations. Of this total, 755 persons (63.6 %) completed their spirometry tests for the first time in life. Each person fulfilled a questionnaire regarding the personal information, respiratory diseases, symptoms, lifestyle, and a place of residence. In the total group, 234 (19.7 %) cases of bronchial obstruction were diagnosed. A hundred and thirty four persons with obstruction, among those tested for the first time in life (17.8 %), were unaware of their disease. The lowest values of FEV1 and FEF1/FVC, corresponding to the highest percentage of persons with obstruction (27.9 %) were observed in small and medium cities (100,000–500,000 inhabitants). There were differences in the prevalence of obstruction depending on the distance of the place of residence from a busy traffic road. A significant decrease of both spirometric variables was observed among people living in cities above 100,000 inhabitants within a distance lower than 50 m from roads. In general, better spirometry results were observed among inhabitants living more than 150 m from main roads.
Inne
System-identifier
WUT5589fdc3b6d94c599368ca2719d32dc9
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