Brain glucose metabolism in an animal model of depression
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Farmakologii im. Jerzego Maja Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Źródłowe zdarzenia ewaluacyjne
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN
0306-4522
EISSN
1873-7544
Wydawca
ELSEVIER
DOI
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
198-208
Numer tomu
295
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
en
depression;
prenatal stress;
brain glucose metabolism;
phosphofructokinase;
lactate;
pyruvate dehydrogenase
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
An increasing number of data support the involvement of disturbances in glucose metabolism in the pathogenesis of depression. We previously reported that glucose and glycogen concentrations in brain structures important for depression are higher in a prenatal stress model of depression when compared with control animals. A marked rise in the concentrations of these carbohydrates and glucose transporters were evident in prenatally stressed animals subjected to acute stress and glucose loading in adulthood. To determine whether elevated levels of brain glucose are associated with a change in its metabolism in this model, we assessed key glycolytic enzymes (hexokinase, phosphofructokinase and pyruvate kinase), products of glycolysis, i.e., pyruvate and lactate, and two selected enzymes of the tricarboxylic acid cycle (pyruvate dehydrogenase and alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase) in the hippocampus and frontal cortex. Additionally, we assessed glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity, a key enzyme in the pentose phosphate pathway (PPP). Prenatal stress increased the levels of phosphofructokinase, an important glycolytic enzyme, in the hippocampus and frontal cortex. However, prenatal stress had no effect on hexokinase or pyruvate kinase levels. The lactate concentration was elevated in prenatally stressed rats in the frontal cortex, and pyruvate levels remained unchanged. Among the tricarboxylic acid cycle enzymes, prenatal stress decreased the level of pyruvate dehydrogenase in the hippocampus, but it had no effect on alpha-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase. Like in the case of glucose and its transporters, also in the present study, differences in markers of glucose metabolism between control animals and those subjected to prenatal stress were not observed under basal conditions but in rats subjected to acute stress and glucose load in adulthood. Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase activity was not reduced by prenatal stress but was found to be even higher in animals exposed to all experimental conditions, i.e., prenatal stress, acute stress, and glucose administration. Our data indicate that glycolysis is increased and the Krebs cycle is decreased in the brain of a prenatal stress animal model of depression.
Cechy publikacji
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Inne
System-identifier
PX-56989cd5810641ecf9198f12
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