Feedbacks, bifurcations, and cell fate decision-making in the p53 system
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Podstawowych Problemów Techniki Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Źródłowe zdarzenia ewaluacyjne
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
PLOS COMPUTATIONAL BIOLOGY
ISSN
1553-734X
EISSN
Wydawca
DOI
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
2
Strony od-do
e1004787-1-28
Numer tomu
12
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Apoptosis
Cell cycle and cell division
DNA damage
DNA repair
Phosphorylation
Biochemical simulations
Cell cycle inhibitors
Transcription factors
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
The p53 transcription factor is a regulator of key cellular processes including DNA repair, cell cycle arrest, and apoptosis. In this theoretical study, we investigate how the complex circuitry of the p53 network allows for stochastic yet unambiguous cell fate decision-making. The proposed Markov chain model consists of the regulatory core and two subordinated bistable modules responsible for cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. The regulatory core is controlled by two negative feedback loops (regulated by Mdm2 and Wip1) responsible for oscillations, and two antagonistic positive feedback loops (regulated by phosphatases Wip1 and PTEN) responsible for bistability. By means of bifurcation analysis of the deterministic approximation we capture the recurrent solutions (i.e., steady states and limit cycles) that delineate temporal responses of the stochastic system. Direct switching from the limit-cycle oscillations to the “apoptotic” steady state is enabled by the existence of a subcritical Neimark—Sacker bifurcation in which the limit cycle loses its stability by merging with an unstable invariant torus. Our analysis provides an explanation why cancer cell lines known to have vastly diverse expression levels of Wip1 and PTEN exhibit a broad spectrum of responses to DNA damage: from a fast transition to a high level of p53 killer (a p53 phosphoform which promotes commitment to apoptosis) in cells characterized by high PTEN and low Wip1 levels to long-lasting p53 level oscillations in cells having PTEN promoter methylated (as in, e.g., MCF-7 cell line).
Cechy publikacji
original-article
Inne
System-identifier
3155
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