Evaluation of the Nanostructure of Pectin, Hemicellulose and Cellulose in the Cell Walls of Pears of Different Texture and Firmness
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Agrofizyki im. Bohdana Dobrzańskiego Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Food and Bioprocess Technology
ISSN
1935-5130
EISSN
1935-5149
Wydawca
SPRINGER
DOI
Rok publikacji
2014
Numer zeszytu
12
Strony od-do
3525-3535
Numer tomu
7
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Słowa kluczowe
en
AFM; Pectin; Hemicellulose; Cellulose; Firmness; Fexture
Open access
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Język
en
Treść
The nanostructure of polysaccharides is supposed to determine properties such as stiffness or diffusivity of cell walls and their functionality for various tailored properties of food. However, at present, a relation of these nano-properties with sensory texture and firmness remains to some degree unknown. In this work, water (WSP), calcium chelator (CSP) and sodium carbonate (DASP) soluble pectins, hemicellulose and cellulose, extracted from cell walls of two pear cultivars ‘Xenia’ and ‘Conference’ at their harvest times, were studied. An atomic force microscope and image analysis were used to evaluate diameter and branching of the molecules. Sensory texture of ‘Xenia’ was considered as better and its firmness (87 N) was higher than ‘Conference’ (76 N). WSP molecules were present as short molecules with a height of about 0.5 nm for both cultivars. A chain-like and branched CSP fraction had diameter of about 0.3–0.4 nm for both cultivars with a pronounced contribution of molecules with diameter of about 1 nm for ‘Xenia’, which had also higher branching index. DASP revealed similar regular structures for both cultivars however the network was much denser for ‘Xenia’. A rod-like hemicellulose molecules had length of about 20–400 nm and diameter of 1 nm for ‘Xenia’ and 1–4 nm for ‘Conference’. Cellulose diameter for both cultivars was about 23 nm. This study showed that less degraded, thicker and more branched pectin molecules were associated with higher firmness and more favourable texture. Hemicellulose provided a positive contribution to texture when they were thinner and more flexible.
Cechy publikacji
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Inne
System-identifier
594332
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