Work-related respiratory symptoms among health centres cleaners: a coss-sectional study.
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. dr. med. Jerzego Nofera
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
ISSN
1232-1087
EISSN
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2014
Numer zeszytu
3
Strony od-do
460-466
Numer tomu
27
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
PL
osoby zawodowo sprzątające
astma zawodowa
alergia zawodowa
Open access
Tryb otwartego dostępu
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Licencja otwartego dostępu
Creative Commons — Uznanie autorstwa-Niekomercyjne
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Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
Objectives Several studies, mostly based on questionnaire-derived data, have shown an increased risk of allergic diseases, especially asthma, among cleaners. The risk factors and etiological mechanisms are still being investigated. Occupational exposure to various chemical and biological agents may induce specific sensitization and/or irritant effects. The aim of our study was to estimate the prevalence of work-related symptoms suggesting the presence of allergic disease reported by cleaners, and to relate them to the results of commercially available and standardized objective tests used for screening detection of occupational sensitization and chronic respiratory disorders. Material and Methods A cross-sectional study was performed among 142 Polish workers of cleaning service in their workplaces. A detailed questionnaire, skin prick tests to common allergens and chemicals used by these workers for cleaning purposes (chloramine T, chlorhexidine, formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, benzalconium chloride), total and specific serum IgE antibodies to disinfectants and rest spirometry were performed in all the subjects. Results Fifty nine percent of all the subjects declared occurrence of at least 1 symptom suggesting allergic ailment during cleaning activities at work. Skin prick tests and specific serum IgE antibodies to disinfectants were negative in all the subjects. In 8 cases wheezing was detected during auscultation, but only in 5 of them obstructive pattern in rest spirometry was found. Conclusions Occupational allergic causation of symptoms among cleaners could be less likely than work-related symptoms associated with exacerbations of new-onset or pre-existing respiratory diseases. Therefore, in this group of workers, mainly the non-specific irritant impact of chemicals on airways should be taken into consideration.
Inne
System-identifier
100 327 892
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