Activation of the mTOR signaling pathway in the antidepressant-like activity of the mGlu5 antagonist MTEP and the mGlu7 agonist AMN082 in the FST in rats
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Farmakologii im. Jerzego Maja Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
NEUROPHARMACOLOGY
ISSN
0028-3908
EISSN
1873-7064
Wydawca
ELSEVIER
DOI
Rok publikacji
2014
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
59-68
Numer tomu
82
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
en
Antidepressant;
AMN082;
mGlu receptors;
MTEP;
mTOR
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Clinical studies have demonstrated rapid and long-lasting antidepressant effects of ketamine in depressive patients. It has been proposed that these effects are related to changes in synaptogenesis in the mechanism involving mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) activation. Similar mechanisms have been proposed for a group II metabotropic glutamate (mGlu) receptor antagonist, LY341495. We aimed to investigate whether other mGlu receptor ligands that produce antidepressant-like effects, namely, the mGlu5 antagonist MTEP and the mGlu7 agonist AMN082, induce the activation of mTOR signaling in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) in rats. AMN082 administered 60 min before the test increased the levels of pmTOR and pp70S6K, and the mTORC1 antagonist rapamycin reversed AMN082-induced changes in the forced swim test (FST) in rats. Furthermore, AMN082 administered 23 h before the decapitation of the rats increased the levels of synapsin I and GluR1, although it did not produce any effect in the FST at the same time point. However, MTEP induced a rapid but unsustained antidepressant-like effect, which was not related to the activation of the mTOR cascade. Finally, the antidepressant-like effects of MTEP or AMN082 were not antagonized by NBQX. In summary, the antidepressant-like activity of MTEP did not depend on the activation of mTOR signaling. However, we observed a unique feature of the mechanism of AMN082. The drug stimulated the mTOR signaling pathway and synaptic protein levels (like ketamine), while it did not induce a sustained antidepressant effect and its action was not directly dependent on AMPA receptor activation (as in classic antidepressants (ADs)).
Cechy publikacji
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Inne
System-identifier
PX-56989cd3810641ecf9198e3d
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