A magnetized torus for modeling Sgr A* millimeter images and spectra
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Centrum Astronomiczne im. Mikołaja Kopernika Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
Astronomy and Astrophysics
ISSN
0004-6361
EISSN
1432-0746
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
A48
Numer tomu
574
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Autorzy
Pozostali autorzy
+ 1
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
Context. The supermassive black hole, Sagittarius (Sgr) A*, in the centre of our Galaxy has the largest angular size in the sky among all astrophysical black holes. Its shadow, assuming no rotation, spans ~50 μas. Resolving such dimensions has long been out of reach for astronomical instruments until a new generation of interferometers being operational during this decade. Of particular interest is the Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) with resolution ~20 μas in the millimeter-wavelength range 0.87 mm-1.3 mm. <BR /> Aims: We investigate the ability of the fully general relativistic Komissarov (2006, MNRAS, 368, 993) analytical magnetized torus model to account for observable constraints at Sgr A* in the centimeter and millimeter domains. The impact of the magnetic field geometry on the observables is also studied. <BR /> Methods: We calculate ray-traced centimeter- and millimeter-wavelength synchrotron spectra and images of a magnetized accretion torus surrounding the central black hole in Sgr A*. We assume stationarity, axial symmetry, constant specific angular momentum and polytropic equation of state. A hybrid population of thermal and non-thermal electrons is considered. <BR /> Results: We show that the torus model is capable of reproducing spectral constraints in the millimeter domain, and in particular in the observable domain of the EHT. However, the torus model is not yet able to fit the centimeter spectrum. 1.3 mm images at high inclinations are in agreement with observable constraints. <BR /> Conclusions: The ability of the torus model to account for observations of Sgr A* in the millimeter domain is interesting in the perspective of the future EHT. Such an analytical model allows very fast computations. It will thus be a suitable test bed for investigating large domains of physical parameters, as well as non-black-hole compact object candidates and alternative theories of gravity.
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System-identifier
3359
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