The effect of cattle breed and lactation stage on nutrient concentrations in milk and fatty acid profile of milk fat
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Nauki o Żywności (Uniwersytet Warmińsko-Mazurski w Olsztynie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Veterinarija ir Zootechnika
ISSN
1392-2130
EISSN
Wydawca
LITHUANIAN VETERINARY ACAD
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2014
Numer zeszytu
87
Strony od-do
85-90
Numer tomu
65
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
en
Cows milk
nutrients
fatty acids
cattle breed
lactation stage.
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cattle breed (Holstein-Friesian – HF, Jersey – JE, HF x JE) and lactation stage (days 160, 220 and 280) on nutrient concentrations in milk and the fatty acid profile of milk fat. An analysis of lactation stage on the chemical composition of milk revealed that the concentrations of dry matter, protein and fat tended to increase until day 220. The content of dry matter, ash and fat in milk increased further until day 280. Cattle breed had a significant effect on the levels of saturated fatty acids (SFA) in milk fat. The concentrations of long-chain fatty acids (LCFA) in bovine milk were considerably higher (66.26% on average), compared with shortchain fatty acids (SCFA) (9.11% on average). SCFA content tended to decrease with the progress of lactation. The differences among the analyzed stages of lactation were significant at p ≤ 0.05 for C4:0 and C10:0 fatty acids. In the group of LCFA, the content of C12:0 and C 18:0 fatty acids was higher on day 160 of lactation, and the content of C14:0 iso and C16:0 fatty acids was higher towards the end of lactation, on day 280. The average concentrations of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in milk fat were 21.97% and only 2.79%, respectively. The highest MUFA (C10:1, C12:1, C 14:1, C18:1 cis9) content of milk was noted in HF cows, and the lowest in HF x JE crossbreeds. HF x JE cows were characterized by the highest content of only trans-isomers of monounsaturated fatty acid C18:1 t6+t9+t10+t11. The concentrations of n-3 fatty acids were highest in HF cows. HF cows had also a desirable n-6/n- 3 fatty acid ratio, at 3.92. The difference between this value and those noted in the other breeds was significant at p ≤ 0.01.
Cechy publikacji
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Inne
System-identifier
509678