The effects of statins on the mevalonic acid pathway in recombinant yeast strains expressing human HMG-CoA reductase
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Biochemii i Biofizyki Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
BMC BIOTECHNOLOGY
ISSN
1472-6750
EISSN
Wydawca
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
DOI
Rok publikacji
2013
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
68
Numer tomu
13
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Słowa kluczowe
EN
HMG-CoA reductase;
Statins;
Yeast expression system;
Heterologous proteins;
Mevalonate pathway
Open access
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EN
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Background The yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae can be a useful model for studying cellular mechanisms related to sterol synthesis in humans due to the high similarity of the mevalonate pathway between these organisms. This metabolic pathway plays a key role in multiple cellular processes by synthesizing sterol and nonsterol isoprenoids. Statins are well-known inhibitors of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA reductase (HMGR), the key enzyme of the cholesterol synthesis pathway. However, the effects of statins extend beyond their cholesterol-lowering action, since inhibition of HMGR decreases the synthesis of all products downstream in the mevalonate pathway. Using transgenic yeast expressing human HMGR or either yeast HMGR isoenzyme we studied the effects of simvastatin, atorvastatin, fluvastatin and rosuvastatin on the cell metabolism. Results Statins decreased sterol pools, prominently reducing sterol precursors content while only moderately lowering ergosterol level. Expression of genes encoding enzymes involved in sterol biosynthesis was induced, while genes from nonsterol isoprenoid pathways, such as coenzyme Q and dolichol biosynthesis or protein prenylation, were diversely affected by statin treatment. Statins increased the level of human HMGR protein substantially and only slightly affected the levels of Rer2 and Coq3 proteins involved in non-sterol isoprenoid biosynthesis. Conclusion Statins influence the sterol pool, gene expression and protein levels of enzymes from the sterol and nonsterol isoprenoid biosynthesis branches and this effect depends on the type of statin administered. Our model system is a cheap and convenient tool for characterizing individual statins or screening for novel ones, and could also be helpful in individualized selection of the most efficient HMGR inhibitors leading to the best response and minimizing serious side effects.
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PX-57bc33e7c2dcd71a5c33c6e4
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