Effects of Interferon beta-1a and Interferon beta-1b Monotherapies on Selected Serum Cytokines and Nitrite Levels in Patients with Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis: A 3-Year Longitudinal Study
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Medycyny Doświadczalnej i Klinicznej im. Mirosława Mossakowskiego Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
NEUROIMMUNOMODULATION
ISSN
1021-7401
EISSN
Wydawca
KARGER
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2013
Numer zeszytu
4
Strony od-do
213-222
Numer tomu
20
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0,70
Słowa kluczowe
en
Multiple sclerosis
Interferon beta
Cytokines
Nitric oxide
Serum levels
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Objective: Interferon (IFN)beta treatment is a mainstay of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) immunotherapy. Its efficacy is supposedly a consequence of impaired trafficking of inflammatory cells into the central nervous system and modification of the proinflammatory/antiinflammatory cytokine balance. However, the effects of long-term monotherapy using various IFN beta preparations on cytokine profiles and the relevance of these effects for the therapy outcome have not yet been elucidated. Methods: Changes were compared in serum levels of TNF alpha, IFN gamma, interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10 and nitrite between RRMS patients given 3-year treatment with intramuscular IFN beta-1a (30 mu g once a week) or subcutaneous IFN beta 1b (250 mu g every other day). Only the data from patients who completed the 3-year study (n = 20 and n = 18, respectively) were analyzed. Results: Three-year IFN beta-1a or IFN beta-1b monotherapy reduced serum nitrite levels by 77 and 71\%, respectively, lowered multiple sclerosis relapse annual rate by 70 and 71\%, respectively, and significantly and similarly lowered Expanded Disability Status Scale scores in both study groups (by 0.9 on average). The two monotherapies showed little if any effect on cytokine levels and cytokine level ratios after the first year, but exerted diverging effects on these indices later on; the only exception was the IFN gamma/IL-6 ratio that showed a monotonous rise in both study groups over the entire study period. Conclusion: During long-term IFN beta monotherapy, the levels of the studied cytokines show no relevance to the course of RRMS and neurological status of patients, whereas there seems to be a link between these clinical indices and the activity of nitric oxide-mediated pathways. Copyright (C) 2013 S. Karger AG, Basel
Cechy publikacji
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Inne
System-identifier
591505
CrossrefMetadata from Crossref logo
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