ApoE variant p.V236E is associated with markedly reduced risk of Alzheimer's disease
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Medycyny Doświadczalnej i Klinicznej im. Mirosława Mossakowskiego Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Molecular Neurodegeneration
ISSN
1750-1326
EISSN
Wydawca
BIOMED CENTRAL LTD
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2014
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
11
Numer tomu
9
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0,70
Słowa kluczowe
en
APOLIPOPROTEIN-E ONSET
POPULATION MUTANTS
Open access
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Creative Commons — Uznanie autorstwa
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Język
en
Treść
Recent genome-wide association studies (GWAS) of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) have identified single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) which show significant association at the well-known APOE locus and at nineteen additional loci. Among the functional, disease-associated variants at these loci, missense variants are particularly important because they can be readily investigated in model systems to search for novel therapeutic targets. It is now possible to perform a low-cost search for these ``actionable'' variants by genotyping the missense variants at known LOAD loci already cataloged on the Exome Variant Server (EVS). In this proof-of-principle study designed to explore the efficacy of this approach, we analyzed three rare EVS variants in APOE, p.L28P, p.R145C and p.V236E, in our case control series of 9114 subjects. p. R145C proved to be too rare to analyze effectively. The minor allele of p.L28P, which was in complete linkage disequilibrium (D' = 1) with the far more common APOE epsilon 4 allele, showed no association with LOAD (P = 0.75) independent of the APOE e4 allele. p. V236E was significantly associated with a marked reduction in risk of LOAD (P = 7.5x10(-05); OR = 0.10, 0.03 to 0.45). The minor allele of p. V236E, which was in complete linkage disequilibrium (D' = 1) with the common APOE epsilon 3 allele, identifies a novel LOAD-associated haplotype (APOE epsilon 3b) which is associated with decreased risk of LOAD independent of the more abundant APOE epsilon 2, epsilon 3 and epsilon 4 haplotypes. Follow-up studies will be important to confirm the significance of this association and to better define its odds ratio. The ApoE p. V236E substitution is the first disease-associated change located in the lipid-binding, C-terminal domain of the protein. Thus our study (i) identifies a novel APOE missense variant which may profitably be studied to better understand how ApoE function may be modified to reduce risk of LOAD and (ii) indicates that analysis of protein-altering variants cataloged on the EVS can be a cost-effective way to identify actionable functional variants at recently discovered LOAD loci.
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Short Report
Inne
System-identifier
PBN-R:587905
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