Biomass supply for co-firing in main-network power stations in Poland
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Uprawy Nawożenia i Gleboznawstwa - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Journal of Food Agriculture & Environment
ISSN
1459-0255
EISSN
Wydawca
WFL PUBL
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2013
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
2031-2035
Numer tomu
11
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Autorzy
Pozostali autorzy
+ 2
Autorzy przekładu
(liczba autorów przekładu: 0)
Słowa kluczowe
en
energy crops
biomass resource assessment
available area
cost minimization model
linear programming
Open access
Tryb otwartego dostępu
Otwarte czasopismo
Wersja tekstu w otwartym dostępie
Licencja otwartego dostępu
Inna
Czas opublikowania w otwartym dostępie
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
The national energy policy of Poland supports the maintaining of coal as the main fuel in electricity generation in the foreseeable future, with the simultaneous increase in biomass use, especially from perennial energy crops, viewed as the source of 95% of biomass fuel. The present article analyses the logistics of biomass supply using a transport cost linear programming minimization model to balance the supply with the demand. The supply was determined from a potential biomass production assessment. The demand was predicted according to two scenarios (for 2008 and 2020) of biomass demand by the 20 largest power stations in Poland. The analysis showed the radius of supply around the power stations to be uneven, depending on the demand and station location. Two logistic features were identified: border proximity and clustering. Power stations situated by the country border have supply areas extended inland. Proximate power stations tend to form clusters. The comparison of the radius of supply between the two scenarios indicates its uneven growth by 39-385% depending on a power station. In the 2020 scenario the radius of supply varies from 30 to 200 km. The upper part of this range is the effect of competition for supply area and is indicative of possible future problems with biomass supply and transport. Reduction of transport costs could be achieved by the introduction of individual demand quota or/and the introduction of other means of transport (rail, ship).
Cechy publikacji
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Inne
System-identifier
579737