Association between antibody status to bovine herpesvirus 1 and quality of milk in dairy herds in Poland
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Journal of dairy science
ISSN
0022-0302
EISSN
Wydawca
Matthew C. Lucy
DOI
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
2
Strony od-do
781-789
Numer tomu
98
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Autorzy
Pozostali autorzy
+ 1
Słowa kluczowe
en
bovine herpesvirus 1
bulk tank milk
somatic cell count
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV1) is one of the most important pathogens of cattle; however, its effect on somatic cell count and milk components is not completely understood. The aim of the current study was to examine the effect of BoHV1 infection on quality of bovine bulk tank milk (BTM). A total of 1,790 individual blood samples collected at 28 dairy farms were used to determine the BoHV1 infection status of the herds with ELISA tests. The quality parameters of milk were evaluated by instrumental methods with BTM samples collected at monthly intervals from May 2011 to May 2012. The statistical analysis was performed to study the associations between BoHV1 herd status, quality of BTM, and herd-specific parameters. The risk factors influencing bulk milk somatic cell count (BMSCC) were estimated using the multivariable mixed-effects maximum likelihood regression model. The true prevalences of BoHV1 infection at the animal and herd levels were 49.3 and 64.6%, respectively. The average BMSCC differed significantly between the herds grouped accordingly to their BoHV1 infection status. Interestingly, the highest BMSCC was observed in the vaccinated herds (240.3 × 103 cells/mL). Additionally, the BoHV1 herd status had a significant effect on the fat content of BTM. The largest herds that were investigated had a BoHV1 seroprevalence over 30%. The herd status was considerably influenced by the numbers of cows in the herds. Besides, no significant differences in total bacterial count or protein content in milk from BoHV1-infected und uninfected herds were observed. An increase in BMSCC was observed during summer compared with the winter months regardless of the BoHV1 status of the herds. In the final multivariable regression model, the main risk factors associated with BMSCC were BoHV1 herd status, the percentage of BoHV1 infected animals in a herd, the number of cows in a herd, and the season. Our study suggests that BoHV1 infection may influence BMSCC levels, which are key parameters of BTM quality and a reference for subclinical mastitis in a herd. In conclusion, BoHV1 infection may cause economic losses by decrease both of quantity and quality of milk.
Cechy publikacji
praca doświadczalna
Inne
System-identifier
PX-56b4596a8106eb71826de83d
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