Profile of Toll-like receptor mRNA expression in the choroid plexus in adult ewes
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Fizjologii i Żywienia Zwierząt im. Jana Kielanowskiego Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
ISSN
0236-6290
EISSN
1588-2705
Wydawca
AKADEMIAI KIADO RT
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
1
Strony od-do
69-78
Numer tomu
63
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
en
Toll-like receptors
choroid plexus
ewe
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
The blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB) located in the epithelial cells of the choroid plexus (CP) forms the interface between the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and pathogen components circulating in the blood. The CP is also implicated in the passage of peripheral immune signals and circulation of immune cells into the central nervous system. Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are patternrecognition receptors that play a crucial role in the recognition of pathogens and triggering of the innate immune response. In sheep, ten members of the TLR family have been identified and cloned. We used real-time PCR analyses to examine the profiles of TLR mRNA expression in the CP of cerebral ventricles in healthy adult ewes. The transcripts for all ten TLRs except TLR8 were present; however, we observed a high variation in the degree of expression of the TLR5 and TLR1 genes (coefficient of variation: 61% and 46%, respectively) as well as a moderate variation in the expression of the TLR4 (34%), TLR2 (27%) and TLR6 (26%) genes. The TLR9, TLR7, TLR3 and TLR10 genes were the four receptors with relatively invariable expression levels (coefficient of variation: 7%, 8%, 16% and 17%, respectively) across the six adult ewes. The concentration of cortisol in blood collected prior to sacrificing the ewes ranged from 0.18 to 78.9 ng/ml. There was no correlation between cortisol concentration and mRNA expression of any of the examined TLRs. These data suggest that the CP has the potential to sense the presence of many bacterial and viral components and mediate responses for the elimination of invading microorganisms, thereby protecting the brain.
Cechy publikacji
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Inne
System-identifier
640041
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