Characterization of Barley Leaf Tolerance to Drought Stress by Chlorophyll Fluorescence and Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Studies
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Fizjologii Roślin im. Franciszka Górskiego Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
angielski
Czasopismo
Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science
ISSN
0931-2250
EISSN
Wydawca
URL
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
3
Strony od-do
228-240
Numer tomu
201
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Autorzy
Pozostali autorzy
+ 5
Słowa kluczowe
angielski
antioxidants;
barley;
drought;
EPR ;
long-lived radicals;
photosynthesis
Streszczenia
Język
angielski
Treść
Two kinds of barley genotypes with various water-stress tolerances, tolerant Cam/B1 and sensitive Maresi, were subjected to 10-day soil-drought stress in seedling and flag leaf developmental phases. After this time, both genotypes regardless of the growth stage showed a decrease in quantum yield of PSII photochemistry (ΦPSII) upon stress treatment; however, this effect was stronger in the sensitive plants than in the tolerant ones. The drought stress in the flag leaf stage was associated with an increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) level in both genotypes, whereas in seedlings, this effect was observed only for Maresi. The activity of other enzymes (catalase and peroxidase) was changed only in small degree. An increase in proline levels and activities of Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) and ornithine delta-aminotransferase (OAT) were observed independently of genotype and the phase of plant development, whereas the activity pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) decreased in tolerant genotype. Moreover, changes in the concentration of monocarbohydrates (glucose and fructose) and dicarbohydrates (saccharose, raffinose and maltose) were found: in seedlings, the amount of all soluble sugars increased, while in flag leaves decreased. The drought treatment resulted in a drop in starch level in the tolerant genotype, but in the sensitive one, the content of this substance increased in both developmental stages. EPR studies allowed the determination of the amount and character of organic radicals present in leaves. In control conditions, the content of these radical species was higher in the sensitive genotype than in tolerant one and decreased upon water stress, with the exception of flag leaves of the sensitive plant. Simulation procedure revealed four types of signals in the EPR spectra. One of them was attributed to a chlorophyll a cation and decreased upon drought. The second, ascribed to semiquinone radicals, reflected the redox balance disturbed by water deficit. The two remaining signals were connected with carbon-centred radicals situated in the carbohydrate matrix. Their number was correlated with starch concentration.
Inne
System-identifier
PX-56b492458106eb71826fa2af
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