Some aspects of locomotory stereotypies in spectacled bears (Tremarctos ornatus) and changes in behavior after relocation and dental treatment
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Ochrony Przyrody Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
angielski
Czasopismo
Journal of Veterinary Behavior-Clinical Applications and Research
ISSN
1558-7878
EISSN
Wydawca
ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC, 360 PARK AVE SOUTH, NEW YORK, NY 10010-1710 USA
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2013
Numer zeszytu
5
Strony od-do
335-340
Numer tomu
8
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
1,1
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 3)
Pozostali autorzy
+ 2
Słowa kluczowe
EN
spectacled bears
Tremarctos ornatus
stereotypic behavior
dental problems
pain
Open access
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Język
EN
Treść
The behavior of 2 spectacled bears (Tremarctos ornatus) was studied at Wroclaw Zoo (Poland), where they were housed in a very small outdoor enclosure, and then in a separate study after transfer to a large naturalistic exhibit at Chester Zoo (CZ; United Kingdom). The studies combine to form an opportunistic "experiment" on the effects of transfer on zoo animals. This situation provided a unique opportunity for a closer investigation of known behavior problems and their causation. In part 1 of the study, at Wroclaw Zoo, the median amount of time devoted to stereotypical movements was 57 min/h. After the move to CZ, immediate changes in behavior were reported in 1 individual, for whom the stereotypy was eradicated. The other bear continued performing repetitive behavior of high intensity and only used a small area of the large enclosure. Signs of dental problems were subsequently observed in both bears, and so a dental examination was carried out, resulting in multiple extractions. After treatment, the amount of time that the bear with ongoing behavior problems spent stereotyping reduced significantly, and foraging increased. Our data suggest the bears' stereotypic behavior occurred not only in response to an understimulating environment in their old enclosure but also perhaps in association with medical conditions in one of the bears. Although other factors could have contributed to the observed reduction in stereotypy, it is clear that further investigation is needed into the effects of pain and physical condition on stereotypy in animals. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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System-identifier
PX-569890ef810641ecf9193d6f
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