Changes in Enzymatic Activities and Microbial Communities in Soil under Long-Term Maize Monoculture and Crop Rotation
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Uprawy Nawożenia i Gleboznawstwa - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
Polish Journal of Environmental Studies
ISSN
1230-1485
EISSN
Wydawca
HARD
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
1
Strony od-do
39-46
Numer tomu
26
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
EN
monoculture
crop rotation
maize
microbial communities
enzymatic activities
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
The aim of this work was to examine the effects of long-term maize monoculture and crop rotation on biological activities of soil, especially soil enzymatic activities and microbial communities. We investigated the reaction of maize cultivated in perennial monoculture with direct sowing and compared it to full tillage monoculture and crop rotation full tillage cultivation in the following phases: six leaves, 12 leaves, flowering phase, before harvest, and after harvest. The results of the experiment conducted from 2004 to 2012 in the Experimental Station in Grabów (Mazowieckie Voivodship) on podzolic soil (very good rye soil), were the basis for this elaboration. Three objects were included in this research: maize cropped continuously (monoculture) with zero tillage, maize monoculture cropped continuously with full tillage, and crop rotation (spring barley, winter wheat, maize) with full tillage. The evaluation of the biological activity of the soil was based on the determination of the number of basic groups of soil microorganisms and enzyme activities. The maize was sown with the use of a seed drill. The statistically significant increase in soil enzymatic activity and total number of bacteria and actinomycetes in soil were observed where direct sowing in monoculture was implemented
Cechy publikacji
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Inne
System-identifier
PX-5891bc2d82ceda3174aea7b3
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