Prevalence and factors associated with the occurrence of bacterial enteropathogens in suckling piglets in farrow-to-finish herds
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
VETERINARY RECORD
ISSN
0042-4900
EISSN
2042-7670
Wydawca
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
online first
Strony od-do
1-7
Numer tomu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
en
bacterial enteropathogens; piglets; pigs;
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
The aim of the study was to determine both environmental and infectious factors, influencing occurrence of bacterial enteropathogens in suckling piglets. For this purpose, a cross-sectional study in 70 Polish farrow-to-finish pig herds was performed. In each herd, presence of selected intestinal pathogens (Escherichia coli, Clostridium perfringens and Salmonella species) in faeces of suckling piglets were determined using bacteriological and PCR methods. Using logistic regression models, risk factors for enterotoxigenic E coli with fimbriae F4 (ETEC-F4) and C perfringens type A were established. Prevalence of bacterial enteropathogens in investigated herds was as follows (on herd and sample level): ETEC-F4 30.0 per cent and 9.3 per cent, respectively, C perfringens type A 91.4 per cent and 58.3 per cent, C perfringens type C 1.4 per cent and 0.3 per cent, Salmonella species 2.9 per cent and 0.5 per cent. The occurrence of ETEC-F4 was associated with presence of diarrhoea in piglets and vulval discharge in sows. Vulval discharge in sows, not slatted floor in farrowing pen and lack of coccidiosis prevention were determined as risk factors for C perfringens type A. The results obtained in the study revealed the high prevalence of enteropathogenic bacteria in pig herds and indicate management and organisation of production as factors having the greatest impact on the incidence of bacterial enteropathogens in piglets before weaning.
Cechy publikacji
praca doświadczalna
Inne
System-identifier
1055
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