Efficacy of spinosad and Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki in biological control of the European corn borer on sweet corn
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Ochrony Roślin - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
angielski
Czasopismo
Acta Scientiarum Polonorum Hortorum Cultus
ISSN
1644-0692
EISSN
Wydawca
Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Przyrodniczego w Lublinie
DOI
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
6
Strony od-do
19-35
Numer tomu
15
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 1)
Słowa kluczowe
en
Zea mays var. saccharata, Ostrinia nubilalis, biopesticides, effectiveness
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
The European corn borer (Ostrinia nubilalis Hbn.) is one of the most dangerous pests of sweet corn in Poland. As indicated in the guidelines for integrated pest management (IPM), harmful organisms on plants should at first be controlled by non-chemical methods and, if these are ineffective, the use of chemical methods is allowed. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of biopesticides containing spinosad and Bacillus thuringiensis var. kurstaki to reduce the population and harmfulness of O. nubilalis caterpillars. The study was carried out in 2013–2015 in southeastern Poland, on ‘Candle’ sweet corn. Corn plants were sprayed either once or twice in July, when O. nubilalis larvae hatched on a mass scale. The pest was controlled with Spintor 240 SC (spinosad A + spinosad D) at doses of 0.2 and 0.4 l·ha-1, Dipel WG (B. thuringiensis var. kurstaki) at doses of 1.0 and 2.0 kg·ha-1, Karate Zeon 050 CS (lambda-cyhalothrin) at a dose of 0.2 l·ha-1, and Proteus 110 OD (thiacloprid + deltamethrin) at a dose of 0.5 l·ha-1. All products reduced the number and harmfulness of larvae, especially on cobs which are a commercial crop. The best effects were achieved after two treatments with biopesticides at higher doses. This reduced nearly by half the number of cobs damaged by the pest. Spinosad was more effective than B. thuringiensis. The effectiveness of biopesticides depended on weather conditions. Chemical pest control was found most effective.
Inne
System-identifier
PX-587dffb582ceef5a4867a3d4