Air pollution by allergenic spores of the genus Alternaria in the air of central and eastern Europe
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Biologii (Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
ISSN
0944-1344
EISSN
1614-7499
Wydawca
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
12
Strony od-do
9260-9274
Numer tomu
22
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
en
Alternaria . Aerobiology . Spatial analysis . Meteorological
parameters . Aeroallergen . Biological pollution
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Spores of the genus Alternaria belong to one of the most prevailing constituents of the air in all regions of the world. They form infectious inoculum of numerous plant species as well as severe inhaled allergies. The aim of this study was to compare the biological pollution with Alternaria spores of the air of 12 cities located in central and eastern Europe. The experiment was done in 2010 and it covered the territory of Latvia (LV), Lithuania (LT), Poland (PL) and Ukraine (UA). The spores were counted using an identical method and standard equipment (7-day Lanzoni volumetric sampler) followed by extensive statistical calculations. The timing of the day of maximum concentration changed mainly along the N-S direction and had a positive correlation with latitude. The most important factor determining the increase in Alternaria spore concentration was the temperature, whereas other weather parameters were not related or of low significance. Regardless of geographical location, the first phase of the season (0--0.9 \% of Alternaria spores in the air) was the longest (up to 60 days) and the last (97.5 to 99 \%) was the shortest (22 days or less). The means of daily concentrations of Alternaria spores ranged from 11 spores m−3 in Klaipeda (LT, Baltic Sea coast) to 187 in Poznan (west PL, agricultural plain). The threshold value of 80 spores m−3 that triggers the first allergy symptoms was exceeded in 8 to 86 days (Vinnitsa, UA, temperate continental, forest-steppes region). There were considerable differences between the highest number of spores per cubic metre of air, varying from 139 in the north (Klaipeda, LT) to 2,295 in central west (Poznan, PL). The biological pollution by Alternaria spores in several places of central and eastern Europe was high; the number of days exceeding the threshold value of 300 spores m−3 connected with serious health problems of atopic people ranged from 0 to 1 on the north (LV, LT) to 29 in central west (Poznan, PL).
Cechy publikacji
ORIGINAL_ARTICLE
Inne
System-identifier
737713
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