Atmospheric particulate mercury at the urban and forest sites in central Poland
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Chemii (Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
ISSN
0944-1344
EISSN
1614-7499
Wydawca
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
3
Strony od-do
2341-2352
Numer tomu
23
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 3)
Pozostali autorzy
+ 2
Autorzy przekładu
(liczba autorów przekładu: 0)
Słowa kluczowe
en
Particulate mercury
Urban
Forest
Seasonal variation
Dry deposition
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Particulate mercury concentrations were investigated during intensive field campaigns at the urban and forest sites in central Poland, between April 2013 and October 2014. For the first time, quantitative determination of total particulate mercury in coarse (PHg2.2) and fine (PHg0.7) aerosol samples was conducted in PoznaA'' and Jeziory. The concentrations in urban fine and coarse aerosol fractions amounted to < MDL +/- 77.1 pg m(-3) and < MDL +/- 604.9 pg m(-3), respectively. Aerosol samples collected during the whole study period showed statistically significant differences for particulate mercury concentrations. A strong impact of meteorological conditions (wind velocity, air mass direction, air temperature, and precipitation amount) on particulate mercury concentrations was also observed. In particular, higher variation and concentration range of PHg0.7 and PHg2.2 was reported for wintertime measurements. An increase in atmospheric particulate mercury during the cold season in the study region indicated that coal combustion, i.e., residential and industrial heating, is the main contribution factor for the selected particle size modes. Coarse particulate Hg at the urban site during summer was mainly attributed to anthropogenic sources, with significant contribution from resuspension processes and long-range transport. The highest values of PHg0.7 and PHg2.2 were found during westerly and southerly wind events, reflecting local emission from highly polluted areas. The period from late fall to spring showed that advection from the southern part of Poland was the main factor responsible for elevated Hg concentrations in fine and coarse particles in the investigated region. Moreover, September 2013 could be given as an example of the influence of additional urban activities which occurred approx. 10 m from the sampling site-construction works connected with replacement of the road surface, asphalting, etc. The concentrations of particulate Hg (> 600.0 pg m(-3)) were much higher than during the following months when any similar situation did not occur. Our investigations confirmed that Hg in urban aerosol samples was predominantly related to local industrial and commercial emissions, whereas the main source of Hg in particulate matter collected at the forest site was connected with regional anthropogenic processes. This paper provides the results of the first long-term measurements of size-fractionated particulate mercury conducted in central Poland, which could be an important insight into atmospheric Hg processes within such a scarcely investigated part of Europe.
Cechy publikacji
discipline:Chemia
discipline:Chemistry
Original article
Original article presents the results of original research or experiment.
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy przedstawia rezultaty oryginalnych badań naukowych lub eksperymentu.
Inne
System-identifier
PBN-R:763368
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