Life cycle assessment for landfilling, incineration and mechanical-biological treatment of residual waste for Krakow city (Poland)
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Geodezji Górniczej i Inżynierii Środowiska (Akademia Górniczo-Hutnicza im. Stanisława Staszica w Krakowie)
Książka
Tytuł książki
SGEM2014. GeoConference on Energy and clean technologies : 14\textsuperscript {th} international multidisciplinary scientific geoconference : 17–26, June, 2014, Albena, Bulgaria : conference proceedings
Data publikacji
2014
ISBN
978-619-7105-16-2
Wydawca
STEF92 Technology Ltd.
Publikacja
Główny język publikacji
EN
Tytuł rozdziału
Life cycle assessment for landfilling, incineration and mechanical-biological treatment of residual waste for Krakow city (Poland)
Rok publikacji
2014
Strony (od-do)
143--150
Numer rozdziału
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0.57
Hasło encyklopedyczne
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 3)
Pozostali autorzy
+ 1
Słowa kluczowe
EN
environmental impact
life cycle assessment
municipal waste management system
incineration
landfilling
mechanical biological treatment
Konferencja
Indeksowana w Scopus
tak
Indeksowana w Web of Science Core Collection
tak
Liczba cytowań z Web of Science Core Collection
Nazwa konferencji (skrócona)
SGEM
Nazwa konferencji
14th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference
Początek konferencji
2014-06-17
Koniec konferencji
2014-06-26
Lokalizacja konferencji
Albena
Kraj konferencji
BG
Lista innych baz czasopism i abstraktów w których była indeksowana
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology is considered one of the most effective management tools for identifying and assessing the environmental impacts related with waste management options. The aim of this study is the environmental assessment of three scenarios of municipal waste management system in Krakow city (Poland), limited to residual (non-selectively collected) waste. Under the first scenario residual waste is transferred to be landfilled at the modern, well equipped facility. Landfill gas is collected and converted into heat and electricity. Under the second scenario residual waste, without any pre-treatment, will be transferred to a planned thermal treatment plant, with energy recovery. The third scenario covers the mechanical biological treatment of residual waste with the biological stabilization (composting) of organic fraction and the production of the Refused Derived Fuel (RDF). After biological stabilization the compost is sent to be landfilled and RDF is combusted in a cement kiln. Other elements of the system for three scenarios: separate collection of recyclables, recycling of separately collected waste, dismantling bulky waste, composting garden waste are the same for the three scenarios and they are excluded from the system boundary. The modeling of the environmental impact is carried out with EASETECH model, developed by Technical University of Denmark, with employing EDIP 2003 methodology. The final results of modeling are presented as a normalized impact potential in the unit of person equivalent (PE). Results of modeling show that the negative impact for incineration is much lower than for landfilling. For landfilling the significant impact categories are: photochemical ozone formation and global warming (due to landfill gas emission, treatment and combustion) and also eutrophication, human toxicity (due to leachate). For incineration significant impact categories include: eutrophication, photochemical zone formation, acidification and human toxicity, mainly due to emission of nitrogen oxides from a stack of an incinerator. The lowest environmental impact is indicated for the mechanical biological treatment (MBT) scenario. This scenario contributes negatively to photochemical ozone formation (on human health and on vegetation) and positively to acidification and global warming. The highest share in the negative effect has landfilling of the low quality compost. The process contributing mainly for positive effect is the RDF combustion. ©, 2014, SGEM2014.
Cechy publikacji
chapter-in-a-book
peer-reviewed
Inne
System-identifier
idp:082590