A fluorescent HTS assay for phosphohydrolases based on nucleoside 5[prime or minute]-fluorophosphates: its application in screening for inhibitors of mRNA decapping scavenger and PDE-I
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Fizyki (Uniwersytet Warszawski)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
ORGANIC & BIOMOLECULAR CHEMISTRY
ISSN
1477-0520
EISSN
1477-0539
Wydawca
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
4595-4604
Numer tomu
14
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Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Several nucleotide-specific phosphohydrolases can cleave P-F bonds in substrate analogues containing a fluorophosphate moiety to release fluoride ions. In this work, by employing a fluoride-sensitive molecular sensor, we harnessed this cleavage reaction to develop a fluorescence assay to screen for phosphohydrolase inhibitors. The assay is rapid, sensitive, and based on simple and synthetically available reagents. The assay was adapted to the high-throughput screening (HTS) format and its utility was demonstrated by screening an 'in-house' library of small nucleotides against two enzymes: DcpS, a metal-independent mRNA decapping pyrophosphatase of the histidine triad (HIT) family; and PDE-I, a divalent cation-dependent nuclease. Our screening results agreed with the known specificities of DcpS and PDE-I, and led to the selection of several inhibitors featuring low-micromolar IC50 values. For DcpS, we also verified the results by using an alternative method with the natural substrate. Notably, the assay presented here is the first fluorescence-based HTS-adaptable assay for DcpS, an established therapeutic target for spinal muscular atrophy. The assay should be useful for phosphohydrolase specificity profiling and inhibitor discovery, particularly in the context of DcpS and other HIT-family enzymes, which play key roles in maintaining cellular functions and have been linked to disease development.
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Original article
Original article presents the results of original research or experiment.
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy przedstawia rezultaty oryginalnych badań naukowych lub eksperymentu.
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System-identifier
PBN-R:744097
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