Habitat preferences of a European bison (Bison bonasus) population in the Carpathian Mountains
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Muzeum i Instytut Zoologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
Annales Zoologici Fennici
ISSN
0003-455X
EISSN
1797-2450
Wydawca
Finnish Zoological and Botanical Publishing Board
DOI
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
1-18
Numer tomu
53
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
We assessed habitat selection patterns of European bison (Bison bonasus) reintroduced to the Bieszczady Mountains (the Eastern Carpathians, Poland) using presence data and Ecological Niche Factor Analysis. During the growing season, bison selected habitats at higher elevations close to natural grasslands, coniferous forest, and stands with broken canopy, while in winter - lower elevations, close to agricultural areas and alder or pine stands. In both seasons, bison avoided busy roads. The use of low-elevation valleys in winter can be a trade-off between the access to good habitats with milder climate, and the risk associated with close proximity to people. Relative tolerance to proximity to infrastructure indicates that good quality habitats in its vicinity can be considered as suitable for further expansion of the species’ range. Optimal sites for bison introductions in the Carpathians should include areas at lower elevations, providing winter refuges, and allow unrestricted access to summer habitats at higher elevations.
Inne
System-identifier
PX-57b7abdfc2dcdbad774215c1