Influence of yeast on the yield of fermentation and volatile profile of Węgierka Zwykła plum distillates
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Biotechnologii i Nauk o Żywności (Politechnika Łódzka)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
JOURNAL OF THE INSTITUTE OF BREWING
ISSN
0046-9750
EISSN
Wydawca
INST BREWING
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
4
Strony od-do
612-623
Numer tomu
122
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
The character of plum brandies depends on a unique aroma profile of the plum and the microbiota present on the surface of the fruits, as well as yeast used for fermentation. In this study, an evaluation of the effect of microorganisms applied for the fermentation of Węgierka Zwykła var. plum mashes and processing temperature (18 °C, 30 °C) on its efficiency and volatile profile, as well as taste and flavour of distillates obtained was performed. An estimation of the odour activity values (OAVs) of the volatile compounds was also conducted. Regardless of whether the fermentation was carried out using Saccharomyces bayanus wine yeast or by native microflora present on plums as well as raisins, the efficiency of this process was high and ranged between 91.7 and 96.7% of the theoretical efficiency. Especially rich in esters (among others ethyl acetate and isoamyl acetate) was the distillate derived after fermentation with the microflora of plums and raisins, at 18 °C. An evaluation of the individual aromatic effect of chemical compounds present in tested distillates, in terms of their OAVs, revealed that the highest OAVs were reached with isovaleraldehyde. Other compounds that showed aroma values > 1 and possibly had an effect on the overall aroma of tested plum distillates were the following: hexanal, benzaldehyde, ethyl acetate, isoamyl acetate, ethyl benzoate, ethyl hexanoate, 1-propanol, 2-methyl-1-butanol, 3-methyl-1-butanol and 1-hexanol. The performed sensory ranking showed that the best rated distillate was the one obtained after fermentation with the indigenous microflora of plums and raisins, at 18 °C.
Cechy publikacji
discipline:Biotechnologia – dziedzina nauk rolniczych
discipline:Biotechnologia – dziedzina nauk technicznych
discipline:Biotechnology – field of agricultural sciences
discipline:Biotechnology – field of technical sciences
Original article
Original article presents the results of original research or experiment.
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy przedstawia rezultaty oryginalnych badań naukowych lub eksperymentu.
Inne
System-identifier
PBN-R:779142
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