Atmospheric deposition in coniferous and deciduous tree stands in Poland
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Chemiczny (Politechnika Gdańska)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
ENG
Czasopismo
ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT
ISSN
1352-2310
EISSN
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
145-155
Numer tomu
133
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
BULK PRECIPITATION
CONIFEROUS STANDS
DECIDUOUS STANDS
MULTIVARIATE ANALYSIS
THROUGHFALL ENRICHMENT
Streszczenia
Język
Treść
The objective of this study was to assess the transformation of precipitation in terms of quantity and chemical composition following contact with the crown layer in tree stands with varied species composition, to investigate the effect of four predominant forest-forming species (pine, spruce, beech, and oak) on the amount and composition of precipitation reaching forest soils, and to determine the sources of pollution in atmospheric precipitation in forest areas in Poland. The amount and chemical composition (pH, electric conductivity, alkalinity, and chloride, nitrate, sulfate, phosphate, ammonium, calcium, magnesium, sodium, potassium, iron aluminum, manganese, zinc, copper, total nitrogen, and dissolved organic carbon contents) of atmospheric (bulk, BP) and throughfall (TF) precipitation were studied from January to December 2010 on twelve forest monitoring plots representative of Polish conditions. The study results provided the basis for the determination of the fluxes of pollutants in the forest areas of Poland and allowed the comparison of such fluxes with values provided in the literature for European forest areas. The transformation of precipitation in the canopy was compared for different tree stands. The fluxes of substances in an open field and under canopy were influenced by the location of the plot, including the regional meteorological conditions (precipitation amounts), vicinity of the sea (effect of marine aerosols), and local level of anthropogenic pollution. Differences between the plots were higher in TF than in BP. The impact of the vegetation cover on the chemical composition of precipitation depended on the region of the country and dominant species in a given tree stand. Coniferous species tended to cause acidification of precipitation, whereas deciduous species increased the pH of TF. Pine and oak stands enriched precipitation with components that leached from the canopy (potassium, manganese, magnesium) to a higher degree than spruce and beech stands.
Inne
System-identifier
136382