Ionic Liquid Assisted Dissolution of Dissolved Organic Matter and PAHs from Soil Below the Critical Micelle Concentration
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Chemiczny (Politechnika Gdańska)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
ENG
Czasopismo
ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY
ISSN
0013-936X
EISSN
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2013
Numer zeszytu
13
Strony od-do
6951-6958
Numer tomu
47
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Słowa kluczowe
IONIC LIQUIDS, PAH, MICELLE
Streszczenia
Język
Treść
Increased use and production of ionic liquids (ILs) may result in emissions into the environment. Particularly vulnerable are industrial areas and landfills where ILs are utilized and ultimately disposed of. This study investigates how IL contamination can affect soil properties and the sorption of pre-existing contaminants. The commonly used IL 1-methyl-3-octyl imidazolium chloride ([OMIM][Cl]) was added at various quantities to a landfill soil contaminated with polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Subsequently, the release of PAHs and dissolved organic matter (DOM) from this soil was thoroughly investigated. Two fractions of PAH release into the porewater were measured, the freely dissolved fraction (measured using a passive sampler) and the total PAH concentration (which includes the freely dissolved molecules as well as those associated with colloids, micelles and DOM). As expected the highest levels of total PAH porewater concentration occurred when the critical micelle concentration (CMC) of the IL was exceeded. However, as we report here for the first time, enhanced amounts of freely dissolved PAHs were released by sub-CMC concentrations of IL. Additionally, enhanced levels of DOM, due to dissolution of soil organic matter by IL, were also observed upon addition of sub-CMC IL concentrations. Based on this, enhanced release of pre-existing contaminants and DOM is suggested as a potential risk from IL emissions at trace concentrations well below the CMC. Potential mechanisms of this sub-CMC release are discussed.
Inne
System-identifier
132724
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