Volitional Control vs. Styles of Coping with Stress in Old Age
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Nauk Społecznych (Akademia Pomorska w Słupsku)
Książka
Tytuł książki
Psychological and Pedagogical Aspects of Motivation
Data publikacji
2013
ISBN
9783643904010
Wydawca
LIT Verlag Dr W.Hopf, Vienna
Publikacja
Główny język publikacji
en
Tytuł rozdziału
Volitional Control vs. Styles of Coping with Stress in Old Age
Rok publikacji
2013
Strony (od-do)
83-98
Numer rozdziału
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
1,00
Hasło encyklopedyczne
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 1)
Słowa kluczowe
pl
stres
siła woli
style radzenie sobie
starość
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
The aim of the article is to bring the reader closer to the psychological issue of will in the perspective of ageing. Old age is shown as a phase of life during which the individual is faced with specific developmental tasks, which can be considered in the categories of old age stress. Difficult situations occurring during old age can contribute to the development of negative attitudes among the elderly and to the emergence of a crisis. The article presents a view that the way in which one ages depends on his/her individual adaptive capabilities, will power and motivation to act, which are shaped long before old age. It was assumed that there exists a connection between the volitional control level and the preferred style of coping with old-age stress.The author presents the results of her own studies conducted in 2009 in Gdańsk concerning the level of volitional control among people well adapted to old age. The respondents were 40 students of the University of the Third Age, between 60 and 88 years of age. The average age of the respondents was 69 years. The research tools involved in the study were J. Kuhl’s Action Control Scale (ACS-90), and N.S. Endler’s and J.D. Parker’s Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations (CISS). The results obtained by the author suggest that the respondents are characterised by strong will i.e. action orientation, which means that they are capable of initiating intended action, they act fast in their spare time, they have internal control, they designate and persistently implement their set goals. On this basis we can assume that strong will (action-orientation) is a factor conducive to positive aging. Statistical analysis presented in the final part of the article confirms the hypothesis concerning the relationship of volitional properties and the style of coping with stress. Study results indicated a relationship between task-oriented coping and state/action orientation in decision situations. The studies show aged people characterized by strong will, i.e. task-orientation, often cope with stress more effectively using the task-oriented style. Statistical analysis also shows that aged people characterized by state-orientation, i.e. displaying difficulties with putting their intentions into effect, often use the ineffective emotional coping style.
Cechy publikacji
CHAPTER_IN_A_BOOK
Inne
System-identifier
654090