Outcomes of oral biotin treatment in patients with biotinidase deficiency - twenty years follow-up.
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut "Pomnik - Centrum Zdrowia Dziecka"
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Reports
ISSN
EISSN
2214-4269
Wydawca
Elsevier B.V.
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
December 2015
Strony od-do
33-35
Numer tomu
5
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0,5
Słowa kluczowe
en
biotinidase deficiency
biotin
newborn screening
Open access
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Wersja opublikowana
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Creative Commons — Uznanie autorstwa-Niekomercyjne-Bez utworów zależnych
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Data udostępnienia w sposób otwarty
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Introduction Biotinidase deficiency (BTD) is an inborn error of biotin metabolism inherited as an autosomal recessive trait. Due to the, biotinidase deficiency, biotin is not recycled. Individuals with BTD usually exhibit neurological and cutaneous abnormalities unless treated with biotin. Supplementation with biotin may either ameliorate or if early introduced even prevent symptoms when introduced presymptomatically. Patients and methods Since 1991, 22 Polish patients from 19 families have been diagnosed with BTD. In 16 children the diagnosis had been suspected on the basis of clinical signs: skin lesions, hyperventilation, seizures, spasticity, and laboratory investigation (elevated lactate and metabolites on urine organic acids profile). The defect was enzymatically (serum biotinidase activity measurement) and genetically (tested for mutations in the BTD gene) confirmed afterwards. All patients were treated with biotin. Urine organic acids analysis (GC/MS) for 3-hydroxizovaleric acid was used for patients' monitoring. Neurological, audiological and ophthalmological evaluation has been conducted once a year. Results In 5 symptomatic patients a progressive optic nerve atrophy had already been noted at the time of treatment initiation. In these patients sensorineural hearing loss has also been diagnosed despite biotin supplementation. Asymptomatic patients treated with biotin supplementation presented no signs or symptoms of BTD. Supplementation with biotin slows the progression of BTD in symptomatic patients, but does not reverse nerve atrophy. Nonetheless, introduction of the treatment with biotin during presymptomatic stage of the disease prevents the onset of symptoms including optic atrophy and hearing loss. Homozygosity for the p.Leu215Phe mutation in BTD gene seems to be frequent in patients from the North-Eastern region of Poland and is connected with the hearing loss. Conclusion Since the prognosis for individuals diagnosed with BTD is good, provided they are treated before symptoms occur, it is justified to add this metabolic disorder to the panel of conditions screened under the national newborn screening programme in Poland.
Cechy publikacji
original-article
Inne
System-identifier
0000014756
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