Dark-chilling of seedlings affects initiation and morphology of broccoli inflorescence
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Biotechnologii i Ogrodnictwa (Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Notulae Botanicae Horti Agrobotanici Cluj-Napoca
ISSN
0255-965X
EISSN
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2013
Numer zeszytu
1
Strony od-do
213-218
Numer tomu
41
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0.5
Słowa kluczowe
en
Brassica oleracea L. var. italica, head quality, morphogenesis
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
The constant supply of broccoli heads for a vegetable market can be kept by the differentiation of sowing time and the age of seedlings. Dark-chilling of young seedlings can also modify the time of transplanting, subsequent plant development, yield and inflorescence quality. The aim of the present study was to analyze the influence of seedling dark-chilling on the inflorescence initiation and the morphological quality of broccoli heads. The experiment was carried out at the University of Agriculture in Krakow (South Poland) in the years 2009 and 2010, with broccoli (Brassica oleracea L. var. italica Plenck) medium late cultivar ‘Monaco’ F1. The examined factors were the age of seedlings (4-, 6-, 8-, and 10-week-old) and dark-chilling (2°C/2 weeks and non-chilled control). Microscopic analysis of the apex sections was performed to determine the time of the inflorescence differentiation in chilled and non-chilled seedlings of different age. Chosen morphological features of the mature heads were also described as depended on age and chilling of seedlings. The inflorescence initiation was observed between 4 and 6 week of the plant ontogeny. Especially 4-week-old seedlings, chilled by two weeks, were more advanced in the generative development in comparison to non-chilled control. Low temperature applied in the seedling stage did not cause the head buttoning. Inflorescences developed by broccoli planted from 4 and 6-week-old seedlings, both chilled and control, were characterized by the best visual quality, determined by a convex head shape, tight branching angle, small and uniform size and regular form of flower buds. Chilling of oldest, 8- and 10-week-old seedlings negatively affected the inflorescence quality, through planed and spread shape of heads and non-uniform shape of flower buds.
Inne
System-identifier
UR6e030503885a49f4bfbe268b36586f72