Anatomical and morphological factors affecting wear tolerance of turfgrass
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Inżynierii Produkcji i Energetyki (Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Scientia Horticulturae
ISSN
0304-4238
EISSN
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
1-13
Numer tomu
185
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0.6
Autorzy
Pozostali autorzy
+ 2
Słowa kluczowe
en
cool-season grasses, cultivars, leaf anatomy, shoot morphology, wear resistance
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
One of the main criterions in turfgrass breeding selection is good wear tolerance, which means the plant's ability to withstand forces that crush leaves, stems, crowns and roots. In the present study the relationship between the anatomical and morphological traits and wear tolerance of 37 cultivars of seven turfgrass species was investigated. The wear tolerance of turf was determined using a Brinkman traffic simulator during a field trial over a two-year period from 2012 to 2013. The experimental plots were established with three replications in a randomized block design. The anatomical and morphological characteristics of the above-ground part of grasses were analyzed. Based on the quantitative data obtained, a new index reflecting turf appearance, and in particular turf cover (TCI), quality (TQI) and shoot density (SDI) has been proposed. These new wear tolerance indexes created could be a very helpful and useful tool for breeding and research purposes. Standardized trait mean values were used to perform principal component and hierarchical cluster analysis. The relationship between leaf parameters and turf indexes was analyzed using multiple linear regression in a stepwise procedure. According to the TCI, the most wear-resistant cultivars were those of Lolium perenne, Ilso Nira and Oxiana (−0.04 in average). As turf quality was considered, all cultivars of L. perenne and Poa pratensis were characterized as high quality after BTS compaction with the TQI below 0.1. The shoot density of untreated turf cultivars varied in a wide range from 2.23 to 6.18 shoots per cm2. For most of the cultivars the BTS compaction reduced shoot density by 27% on average. The increase in the number of vascular bundles, leaf width, leaf cross-section area and leaf angle were associated with better wear tolerance. Wider leaves with a higher number of vascular bundles together with the higher angle between the leaf and tiller axis, improved the wear resistance. It was also observed that higher tillering does not favour wear tolerance. This information concerning the relationships between turf traits and wear tolerance is of use to the plant breeder as a tool for the selection of appropriate turfgrass cultivars.
Inne
System-identifier
UR5da5761868cb458bb12d4e07fd722759
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