Chemical properties and toxicity of soils contaminated by mining activity
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Rolniczo-Ekonomiczny (Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Ecotoxicology
ISSN
0963-9292
EISSN
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2014
Numer zeszytu
7
Strony od-do
1234-1244
Numer tomu
23
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0.5
Autorzy
Słowa kluczowe
en
Soil, Heavy metals, Toxicity, Phytoxkit, Microtox
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
This research is aimed at assessing the total content and soluble forms of metals (zinc, lead and cadmium) and toxicity of soils subjected to strong human pressure associated with mining of zinc and lead ores. The research area lay in the neighbourhood of the Bolesław Mine and Metallurgical Plant in Bukowno (Poland). The study obtained total cadmium concentration between 0.29 and 51.91 mg, zinc between 7.90 and 3,614 mg, and that of lead between 28.4 and 6844 mg kg−1 of soil d.m. The solubility of the heavy metals in 1 mol dm−3 NH4NO3 was 1–49 % for zinc, 5–45 % for cadmium, and <1–10 % for lead. In 1 mol HCl dm−3, the solubility of the studied metals was much higher and obtained values depending on the collection site, from 45 to 92 % for zinc, from 74 to 99 %, and from 79 to 99 % for lead. The lower solubility of the heavy metals in 1 mol dm−3 NH4NO3 than 1 mol HCl dm−3 is connected with that, the ammonium nitrate has low extraction power, and it is used in determining the bioavailable (active) form of heavy metals. Toxicity assessment of the soil samples was performed using two tests, Phytotoxkit and Microtox®. Germination index values were between 22 and 75 % for Sinapis alba, between 28 and 100 % for Lepidium sativum, and between 10 and 28 % for Sorghum saccharatum. Depending on the studied soil sample, Vibrio fischeri luminescence inhibition was 20–96 %. The sensitivity of the test organisms formed the following series: S. saccharatum > S. alba = V. fischeri > L. sativum. Significant positive correlations (p ≤ 0.05) of the total and soluble contents of the metals with luminescence inhibition in V. fischeri and root growth inhibition in S. saccharatum were found. The general trend observed was an increase in metal toxicity measured by the biotest with increasing available metal contents in soils. All the soil samples were classified into toxicity class III, which means that they are toxic and present severe danger. Biotest are a good complement to chemical analyses in the assessment of quality of soils as well as in properly managing them.
Inne
System-identifier
URc1376d3bddc1415abff249e482ebf76f
CrossrefMetadata from Crossref logo
Cytowania
Liczba prac cytujących tę pracę
Brak danych
Referencje
Liczba prac cytowanych przez tę pracę
Brak danych