Multicatalytic enzyme preparations as effective alternative to acid in pectin extraction
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Technologii Żywności (Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Food Hydrocolloids
ISSN
0268-005X
EISSN
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2015
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
156-161
Numer tomu
44
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0.5
Autorzy
Słowa kluczowe
en
apple pomace, pectin extraction, multicatalytic preparations, optimization, composition
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Commercially available enzymatic preparations Celluclast, Econase and Viscoferm were applied to pectin isolation from apple pomace and compared to the conventional acid based extraction. All the enzymatic preparations were thoroughly characterized in respect of the glycosyl hydrolase activities: polygalacturonase, pectinesterase, cellulase, xylanase, 1,3-β-glucanase, arabanase, mannanase and rhamnogalacturonase. All the preparations effectively released pectin, even from nonhomogenized and nonbuffered material. The highest pectin yield was achieved for Celluclast (18.95%) and Viscoferm (17.86%), which was significantly higher than for acidic method (14.52%). The most important activities crucial for effective pectin extraction were xylanase and cellulase. Enzymatically isolated pectins had higher molecular weight (Mp), galacturonic acid, protein and ash content, lower water content and were comparably or less soluble than the pectin from acidic isolation. Enzymatic pectin extraction eliminates serious disadvantages of the acidic process, such as requirement for high temperatures, low pH, equipment corrosion and large volumes of sewage that needs neutralization. Therefore it represents a favorable alternative to the conventional methods.
Inne
System-identifier
UR0a40e039953844f18ac744411e29207b
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