Seroprevalence of bovine herpesvirus 1 related alphaherpesvirus infections in free-living and captive cervids in Poland
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Państwowy Instytut Weterynaryjny - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
VETERINARY MICROBIOLOGY (40pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
0378-1135
EISSN
1873-2542
Wydawca
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Rok publikacji
2017
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
77-83
Numer tomu
204
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
en
Alphaherpesvirus
BoHV-1
CvHV-1
Epidemiology
Deer
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
To determine the occurrence of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) related alphaherpesvirus infections in cervids, 1194 serum samples of wild ruminants originating from 59 forest districts of Poland were tested with IBR gB ELISA and virus neutralization test (VNT) against BoHV-1 and cervid herpesvirus 1 (CvHV-1). The seroprevalence differed significantly between free-living and captive cervids (P < 0.001) with a total of 89 out of 498 (17.9%) and 268 out of 696 (38.5%) seropositive animals in each type of population. In free-ranging cervids, the highest seroprevalence was found among red deer (25.6%) and in fallow deer (23.1%), while it was the lowest in roe deer (1.7%). The seroprevalence varied at the district level between 0 and 100% with the mean value of 17.4% (95% CI:10.1&#8211;24.0). Additionally, seroprevalence was associated with afforestation (&#967;2 = 7.5; P = 0.006) and to some degree with the mean of cattle density in province (&#967;2 = 7.0; P = 0.08). The mean antibody titre against CvHV-1 in VNT (161.8; 95%CI: 146.0&#8211;177.6) has been significantly higher (P < 0.0001) than the mean titre of BoHV-1 antibodies (10.1; 95%CI: 8.9&#8211;11.4). The results showed that BoHV-1 related alphaherpesvirus infections are present in population of free-ranging and farmed cervids in Poland. Based on the VNT results and considering the low susceptibility of red deer to BoHV-1, it seems that the dominant alphaherpesvirus circulating in wild ruminants is most likely CvHV-1 and therefore it is rather unlikely that deer in Poland could play any role as a reservoir of BoHV-1 for cattle.
Cechy publikacji
praca doświadczalna
Inne
System-identifier
1251
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