Exposure to excessive sounds and hearing status in academic classical music students.
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. dr. med. Jerzego Nofera
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health (20pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
1232-1087
EISSN
1896-494X
Wydawca
Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. dr. med. Jerzego Nofera
DOI
Rok publikacji
2017
Numer zeszytu
1
Strony od-do
55-75
Numer tomu
30
Identyfikator DOI
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Słowa kluczowe
EN
noise-induced hearing loss
music students
exposure to excessive sounds
Pure-tone audiometry
hearing threshold levels
high-frequency notches
Open access
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Creative Commons — Uznanie autorstwa-Niekomercyjne
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Język
EN
Treść
Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess hearing of music students in relation to their exposure to excessive sounds. Material and Methods: Standard pure-tone audiometry (PTA) was performed in 168 music students, aged 22.5±2.5 years. The control group included 67 subjects, non-music students and non-musicians, aged 22.8±3.3 years. Data on the study subjects’ musical experience, instruments in use, time of weekly practice and additional risk factors for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) were identified by means of a questionnaire survey. Sound pressure levels produced by various groups of instruments during solo and group playing were also measured and analyzed. The music students’ audiometric hearing threshold levels (HTLs) were compared with the theoretical predictions calculated according to the International Organization for Standardization standard ISO 1999:2013. Results: It was estimated that the music students were exposed for 27.1±14.3 h/week to sounds at the A-weighted equivalent-continuous sound pressure level of 89.9±6.0 dB. There were no significant differences in HTLs between the music students and the control group in the frequency range of 4000–8000 Hz. Furthermore, in each group HTLs in the frequency range 1000–8000 Hz did not exceed 20 dB HL in 83% of the examined ears. Nevertheless, high frequency notched audiograms typical of the noise-induced hearing loss were found in 13.4% and 9% of the musicians and non-musicians, respectively. The odds ratio (OR) of notching in the music students increased significantly along with higher sound pressure levels (OR = 1.07, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.014–1.13, p < 0.05). The students’ HTLs were worse (higher) than those of a highly screened non-noise-exposed population. Moreover, their hearing loss was less severe than that expected from sound exposure for frequencies of 3000 Hz and 4000 Hz, and it was more severe in the case of frequency of 6000 Hz. Conclusions: The results confirm the need for further studies and development of a hearing conservation program for music students.
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oryginalny artykuł naukowy
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System-identifier
PX-598f3299d5de12b5755fe40f
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