Assessment of forest soil contamination in Krakow surroundings in relation to the type of stand
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Leśny (Uniwersytet Rolniczy im. Hugona Kołłątaja w Krakowie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Environmental Earth Sciences
ISSN
1866-6280
EISSN
1866-6299
Wydawca
Springer
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2016
Numer zeszytu
1025
Strony od-do
1-15
Numer tomu
75
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0.7
Autorzy
Pozostali autorzy
+ 2
Słowa kluczowe
en
Heavy metals, Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, Enzyme activity, Magnetic susceptibility, Broadleaf and coniferous forest stand
Open access
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Creative Commons — Uznanie autorstwa
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Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
The aim of the study was to determine the degree of soil pollution in different forest types around Krakow, using biochemical, chemical and magnetic methods. In assessing the degree of soil contamination, the impact of the forest species composition by comparing the surfaces of broadleaf and coniferous forest stands was taken into account. Enzymatic activity was related to other measures of pollution, i.e., heavy metal concentration, content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and level of magnetic susceptibility. The study was conducted in southern Poland. Krakow was the central point around which the test surfaces were designated. In soil samples pH, soil texture and organic carbon, nitrogen, base cation contents, dehydrogenase and urease activities were determined. Additionally, heavy metal concentration, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) content and magnetic susceptibility were recorded. The obtained results confirm the high diversity of forest soil pollution around Krakow agglomeration. Significant differences in both the content of heavy metals, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and values of the magnetic susceptibility were observed in the soils of forest complexes located in different directions away from Krakow and at various distances from Krakow. The level of contamination is related to the historical and current deposition of industrial and urban dusts from Krakow and Silesia. The type of stand had a considerable influence on the content of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. A higher content of aromatic hydrocarbons was observed in the soils of deciduous stands. A high level of magnetic susceptibility was observed in the soils of coniferous stands. The differences in enzymatic activity between the research plots result from different contents of PAHs and different amount of soil organic matter resulting from the species composition.
Inne
System-identifier
URb6d75acba8de4ad0bef0d0bda4c32cdc
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