Enhanced Polymerization Rate and Conductivity of Ionic LiquidBased Epoxy Resin
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Matematyki, Fizyki i Chemii (Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
MACROMOLECULES (45pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
0024-9297
EISSN
Wydawca
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2017
Numer zeszytu
8
Strony od-do
3262–3272
Numer tomu
50
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0,50
Autorzy
Pozostali autorzy
+ 2
Autorzy przekładu
(liczba autorów przekładu: 0)
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
The kinetics of polymerization of Bisphenol-A diglycidyl ether (DGEBA), a well-known epoxy resin, with two ionic amines 1-(3-aminopropyl)-3-butylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([apbim][NTf2]) and the tetrabutylammonium leucine ([N4444][Leu]) have been studied with the use of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) at various temperatures. We found many fundamental differences between the progress of this reaction with respect to the classical system (curing of epoxy resin with ordinary nonconducting hardeners). One of the most significant differences is related to the mechanism of polymerization. It is worthwhile to mention that usually the autocatalytic model is used to describe the curing of DGEBA with ordinary amines. However, herein, the kinetic curves followed a clearly exponential shape characteristic of first-order kinetics. We claim that the change in mechanism of polymerization is related to the presence of a conducting amine that acts as both the substrate and the catalyst of this specific chemical conversion. Also, it is presented that the pace of the reaction only weakly depends on temperature, which is reflected in the relatively low activation energy. On the other hand, the degree of monomer conversion stays around 45%–70% as typically reported for the polymerization of DGEBA with nonconducting hardeners. In addition, we measured the time evolution of dc conductivity as the reaction proceeded and observed that a change in this parameter correlates very well with the monomer conversion in contrast to the reaction of nonconducting systems. Finally, ionic conductivity of the resulted cured samples was investigated and found to be quite significant at the glass transition temperature with respect to other polymerized ionic liquids.
Cechy publikacji
original-article
Inne
System-identifier
3342800136462
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