A high-field 3He metastability exchange optical pumping polarizer operating in a 1.5 T medical scanner for lung Magnetic Resonance Imaging
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Fizyki Jądrowej im. Henryka Niewodniczańskiego Polskiej Akademii Nauk
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Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS
ISSN
0021-8979
EISSN
Wydawca
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2013
Numer zeszytu
20
Strony od-do
204905
Numer tomu
113
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(liczba autorów: 6)
Pozostali autorzy
+ 5
Słowa kluczowe
en
HYPERPOLARIZED HE-3
HIGH-PRESSURE
NUCLEAR-POLARIZATION
GAS
MRI
NEUTRON
VENTILATION
DIFFUSION
TESLA
LASER
Open access
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Język
en
Treść
After being hyperpolarized using the technique of Metastability Exchange Optical Pumping (MEOP), He-3 can be used as a contrast agent for lung magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MEOP is usually performed at low magnetic field (similar to 1 mT) and low pressure (similar to 1 mbar), which results in a low magnetization production rate. Polarization preserving compression with a compression ratio of order 1000 is also required. It was demonstrated in sealed cells that high nuclear polarization values can be obtained at higher pressures with MEOP, if performed at high magnetic field (non-standard conditions). In this work, the feasibility of building a high-field polarizer that operates within a commercial 1.5 T scanner was evaluated. Preliminary measurements of nuclear polarization with sealed cells filled at different He-3 gas pressures (1.33 to 267 mbar) were performed. The use of an annular shape for the laser beam increased by 25% the achievable nuclear polarization equilibrium value (M-eq) at 32 and 67 mbar as compared to a Gaussian beam shape. M-eq values of 66.4% and 31% were obtained at 32 and 267 mbar, respectively, and the magnetization production rate was increased by a factor of 10 compared to the best results obtained under standard conditions. To study the reproducibility of the method in a polarizing system, the same experiments were performed with small cells connected to a gas handling system. Despite careful cleaning procedure, the purity of the He-3 gas could not be matched to that of the sealed cells. Consequently, the polarization build-up times were approximately 3 times longer in the 20-30 mbar range of pressure than those obtained for the 32 mbar sealed cell. However, reasonable M-eq values of 40%-60% were achieved in a 90ml open cell. Based on these findings, a novel compact polarizing system was designed and built. Its typical output is a He-3 gas flow rate of 15 sccm with a polarization of 33%. In-vivo lung MRI ventilation images (Signal to Noise Ratio (SNR) of approximately 55 for a voxel size of 50mm x 3mm x 3mm) were acquired to demonstrate the polarizers application.
Cechy publikacji
peer-reviewed
original-article
Inne
System-identifier
23108
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