A facile route to well-defined imidazolium-based poly(ionic liquid)s of enhanced conductivity via RAFT
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Matematyki, Fizyki i Chemii (Uniwersytet Śląski w Katowicach)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
Polymer Chemistry (45pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
1759-9954
EISSN
1759-9962
Wydawca
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2017
Numer zeszytu
35
Strony od-do
5433-5443
Numer tomu
8
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0,50
Autorzy przekładu
(liczba autorów przekładu: 0)
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
The synthesis of well-defined imidazolium-based poly(ionic liquid)s (PILs) by reversible addition–fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization is demonstrated. Two specially designed monomeric ionic liquids (MILs), such as 1-methyl-3-vinylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide [MVIM][NTf2] and 1-ethyl-3-vinylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)imide [EVIM][NTf2] were polymerized with the 2,2′-azobisisobutyronitrile (AIBN) initiator in the presence of a trithiocarbonate RAFT agent. Depending on the varied ratios of the monomer to CTA ([monomer]/[CTA] = 100/1; 400/1; 1000/1) we obtained P[MVIM][NTf2] and P[EVIM][NTf2] homopolymers with the number-average molecular weights (Mn) in a broad range Mn = 2.5–340.0 kDa and Mn = 2.1–450.0 kDa, respectively. The controlled character of the polymerization of each ionic monomer was confirmed by the pseudo-first order kinetic, a linear increase in the Mn with conversion and relatively narrow dispersity indices (Đ = 1.09–1.37 for P[MVIM][NTf2] and Đ = 1.10–1.41 for P[EVIM][NTf2]). Additionally, the obtained macromolecules are characterized by the enhanced/or comparable conductivity in comparison with those reported in the literature [Wojnarowska et al., Macromolecules, 2014, 47, 4056–4065 and Fan et al., Macromolecules, 2016, 49, 4557–4570], indicating that we are able to produce polymers of high molecular weights characterized by relatively high conductivity (σdc ∼ 10−9 at Tg). Finally, we found quite unexpected evolution of Tgvs. Mn of the produced polymers in the limit of low molecular weight, which seems to correspond to those observed in the case of van der Waals polymers such as polystyrene or polyisobutylene.
Cechy publikacji
original-article
Inne
System-identifier
3342800137448