A review of flow analysis methods for determination of radionuclides in nuclear wastes and nuclear reactor coolants
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Chemii i Techniki Jądrowej
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
EN
Czasopismo
Talanta (40pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
0039-9140
EISSN
Wydawca
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2018
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
70-82
Numer tomu
183
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Autorzy
Pozostali autorzy
+ 1
Autorzy przekładu
(liczba autorów przekładu: 0)
Słowa kluczowe
EN
Flow analysis
Radionuclides
Radiometric detections
ICP-MS
Spent reactor fuel
Reactor coolant
Streszczenia
Język
EN
Treść
The safety and security of nuclear power plant operations depend on the application of the most appropriate techniques and methods of chemical analysis, where modern flow analysis methods prevail. Nevertheless, the current status of the development of these methods is more limited than it might be expected based on their genuine advantages. The main aim of this paper is to review the automated flow analysis procedures developed with various detection methods for the nuclear energy industry. The flow analysis methods for the determination of radionuclides, that have been reported to date, are primarily focused on their environmental applications. The benefits of the application of flow methods in both monitoring of the nuclear wastes and process analysis of the primary circuit coolants of light water nuclear reactors will also be discussed. The application of either continuous flow methods (CFA) or injection methods (FIA, SIA) of the flow analysis with the β-radiometric detection shortens the analysis time and improves the precision of determination due to mechanization of certain time-consuming operations of the sample processing. Compared to the radiometric detection, the mass spectrometry (MS) detection enables one to perform multicomponent analyses as well as the determination of transuranic isotopes with much better limits of detection.
Cechy publikacji
artykuł oryginalny, recenzowany
Inne
System-identifier
PX-5a927c88d5ded246cd7d9f9b
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