NON-EXISTENT CHURCHES AS UKRAINIAN CULTURAL HERITAGE IN SACRAL LANDSCAPE OF TISNA COMMU
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Matematyki, Informatyki i Architektury Krajobrazu (Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II w Lublinie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
angielski
Czasopismo
Часопис соціально-економічної географії
ISSN
2312-1130
EISSN
2076-1333
Wydawca
Харківський національний університет імені В.Н. Каразіна
DOI
Rok publikacji
2017
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
83-88
Numer tomu
22 (1)
Link do pełnego tekstu
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
0,4
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 2)
Słowa kluczowe
en
sacred landscape,
Ukrainian tserkva,
Tisna commune
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Abstrakt The article presents the nonexisting tserkvas in sacred landscape in Tisna commune (in the Polish-Ukrainian borderland). These tserkvas represent 16 sacral objects with the architectural specificity of the Ukrainian national wooden and stone tserkva. History of nonexisting tserkvas in the landscape of Tisna commune has been analyzed. In particular, there was noted the uniqueness of the Ukrainian tserkva, the technique of "zrub" and elements of "zalom" in Ukrainian architecture. This aspect integrate Ukrainian tserkvas, which vary only in terms proportions in length, width and height. Ukrainian tserkvas in Tisna commune were destroyed after the mass deportation of Ukrainian ethnic population from their land after the year 1947. Tserkvas lost the religious, cultural and national role and sacred landscape lost its meaning. Non-existing tserkvas (16) occupy almost 100% of all the tserkvas in the study area. The article shows the specificity of Ukrainian wooden and stone tserkvas architecture. Eight tserkvas were destroyed during and after the deportation of Ukrainians in the years 1945-1947 in Solynka, Strubowyśka, Smerek, Luh, Buk, Kryve, Zavij, Kalnytsya. Two tserkvas were destroyed in the postwar period in Vetlyna and Yavorets. Five tserkvas were disassembled in the postwar period in Lisna, Habkivtsi, Dovzhytsya, Tisna and Zubryache. In the place of St. Dmytrij tserkva in Vetlina that was destroyed a Roman Catholic Church was built. Nonexisting tserkvas were analyzed in the Tisna commune with their surrounding landscape. It is proved that these all are original and represent a wide diversity of architecture and symbols of Ukrainian religious architecture, showing the Ukrainian character that harmonizes the area and landscape. The article discusses the perspective of maintaining and reconstructing tserkvas, as well as manner and methods of studying this issue.
Cechy publikacji
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Inne
System-identifier
PX-5a929c1fd5ded246cd7da2a9
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