Changes in aerobic performance, body composition, and physical activity in polar explorers during a year-long stay at the polar station in the Arctic
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Geofizyki Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
angielski
Czasopismo
International Journal of Biometeorology (30pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
0020-7128
EISSN
1432-1254
Wydawca
SPRINGER
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2017
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
669–675(2017)
Numer tomu
61
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Autorzy
Pozostali autorzy
+ 2
Słowa kluczowe
angielski
Arctic
Hornsund
Aerobic power
Body composition
Physical activity
Oxygen uptake
Polar climate
Streszczenia
Język
angielski
Treść
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in physical activity, aerobic performance, and body composition in polar explorers during a 1-year stay at the polar station. The study group consisted of 10 people, including 8 men and 2 women. Aerobic performance (maximal oxygen uptake), physical activity, body mass, and composition were evaluated for the polar explores of the Polish Polar Station prior to departure, and then during their stay at the station for a period of 1 year. The measurements were performed every 3 months. Compared to the measurements taken before going to the polar station, aerobic performance significantly (p = 0.02) increased in the first 3 months of residing at the polar station and then remained relatively stable for the following duration of the stay. In the first 3 months of the stay, we also observed the highest level of physical activity in participants. In the polar explorers, no significant (p > 0.05) body fatness changes were noted. Nonetheless, lean body mass, body mass, and BMI significantly increased compared to the measurements taken before departure to the polar station. The greatest changes in aerobic performance, physical activity, and body composition were observed during the first 3 months after arrival to the Arctic and then, despite changing biometeorological conditions, they remained stable for the next months of the stay. We recommend the introduction of a physical preparation program before departing to the polar station to improve explorers' physical fitness, so that they can meet the physical challenges they are faced with immediately after arrival to the polar station.
Cechy publikacji
discipline:Geofizyka – dziedzina nauk o ziemi
discipline:Geophysics – field of earth sciences
Original article
Original article presents the results of original research or experiment.
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy przedstawia rezultaty oryginalnych badań naukowych lub eksperymentu.
Inne
System-identifier
PBN-R:829119
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