[Biological significance of chromium III for the human organism].
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Farmakologii im. Jerzego Maja Polskiej Akademii Nauk
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Medycyna Pracy (15pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
0465-5893
EISSN
2353-1339
Wydawca
Instytut Medycyny Pracy im. prof. dr. med. Jerzego Nofera
DOI
Rok publikacji
2018
Numer zeszytu
2
Strony od-do
211-223
Numer tomu
96
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 4)
Pozostali autorzy
+ 3
Słowa kluczowe
en
Obesity
en
adverse effects
en
chromium (III) salts and chelates
en
dietary supplements
en
glucose intolerance
en
hypercholesterolemia
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Currently, chromium is probably the most controversial transition metal. In recent publications it is clearly stated that it is not an essential micronutrient and should be considered to have a pharmacological effect. Conflicting scientific reports along with a huge amount of dietary supplements, as well as dietary and sports nutrients available on the market have prompted the authors to investigate the available information on the range of possible application, efficacy and safety of products containing salts or chelates of chromium III. The authors reviewed articles in electronic databases for the years 1959-2016, and selected works describing the biochemical, physiological and toxic properties of chromium salts and chelates and the range of possible applications in medicine, dietetics and sport. A critical analysis of reports dealing with the effect of chromium on the carbohydrate and lipid metabolism, body composition, lean body mass and sports performance was carried out. The authors indicated papers analyzing the mechanism of action of chromium in the cognitive and affective disorders. Much attention has been paid to the safety use of chromium III supplements. There are still some unsolved issues. In the field of toxicology, a limited number of reports about environmental exposure to trivalent chromium in the workplace draws our attention. In the field of biochemical research, there is still a need to clarify the mechanism of psychiatric and endocrinological activity, especially in conjunction with the immune system. Med Pr 2018;69(2):211-223.
Inne
System-identifier
PX-5b7ff5ced5de377b45453dcc
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