Densification behavior, microstructural evolution, and mechanical properties of TiC/316L stainless steel nanocomposites fabricated by selective laser melting
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Inżynierii Mechanicznej i Mechatroniki (Zachodniopomorski Uniwersytet Technologiczny w Szczecinie)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
angielski
Czasopismo
MATERIALS & DESIGN (35pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
0261-3069
EISSN
Wydawca
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2018
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
119-128
Numer tomu
138
Identyfikator DOI
Liczba arkuszy
Słowa kluczowe
angielski
316L steel
additive manufacturing
densification
microstructure
nanocomposite
selective laser melting (SLM)
Streszczenia
Język
angielski
Treść
Here we investigate the influence of the volumetric laser energy density (η) utilized in selective laser melting (SLM) on the phase evolution, densification behavior, microstructure evolution, and mechanical properties of TiC/316L stainless steel nanocomposite parts. The η values, which was controlled by adjusting the laser scanning speeds, was found to strongly correlate with the metallurgical mechanisms of the fabricated parts. During the SLM process, low η values induced disordered liquid solidification fronts with significant balling and pore chain defects, which arose from the low-viscosity and highly unstable flow behavior caused by densification-limiting Marangoni convection. Conversely, high η values in SLM significantly enhance densification but induce fine spherical pores and thermal microcracks by increasing liquid lifetimes and thermal stresses. The diffraction angles of the γ-Fe peaks were shifted from their standard locations by the lattice distortion from laser-induced thermal stress. The samples processed at η of 67 J/mm3 showed the most refined microstructures formed under exposure to the highest cooling rates, which led to higher compressive yield strengths than those of samples processed at η of 300 J/mm3. Pole figures obtained for the γ-Fe phase depicted no significant directionality in the texture of any of the components; however, a significant texture intensity increase was reported with increasing η.
Inne
System-identifier
PANEL-1001261
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