Assessment of Pain Management, Acceptance of Illness, and Adjustment to Life with Cancer in Patients with Nonmuscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
Wydział Lekarski Kształcenia Podyplomowego (Uniwersytet Medyczny im. Piastów Śląskich we Wrocławiu)
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BioMed Research International (Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology) (25pkt w roku publikacji)
Hindawi Publishing Corporation
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7598632 [10 pages]
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Open access
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Creative Commons — Uznanie autorstwa
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Purpose. According to the European Association of Urology bladder cancer is the seventh most commonly diagnosed malignancy in the world’s male population. Despite its high incidence, papers evaluating psychological state in those patients’ group are lacking. The purpose of the study was to evaluate pain management, disease acceptance, and adjustment to cancer in homogenous group of patients diagnosed with nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). Methods. Group of 252 male patients who were scheduled for NMIBC treatment were prospectively evaluated. Patients fulfilled Acceptance of Illness Scale (AIS), Mini-Mental Adjustment to Cancer (Mini-MAC) and Coping Strategies (CSQ) questionnaires before treatment introduction. Results. Highest CSQ score was achieved by the coping self-statements subscale (mean=18,37). The catastrophizing subscale score was the lowest (mean=11,24). Place of residence affected results of CSQ statement about pain control. Catastrophizing and coping self-statements strategies were associated with matrimonial status. In the Mini-MAC questionnaire the fighting spirit way of coping had the highest (21,73) and the helplessness-hopelessness subscale had the lowest mean value (13,3). Matrimonial status was strongly associated with anxious preoccupation, fighting spirit, and helplessness – hopelessness way of coping. The mean AIS test score was 28.8. AIS result was influenced by patient’s marital status, yet not by education, place of residence, nor any clinical factor. Conclusions. In the examined group, the level of acceptance of the disease reached values that were slightly higher than the average. It indicated a fairly good adaptation to cancer. Among the methods of coping with cancer, the constructive style is definitely dominant with a high intensity of the fighting spirit strategy. The destructive style of cancer coping reached low values with a low intensity of helplessness/hopelessness strategy. From pain coping strategies, self-statements and praying/hoping were the most commonly chosen ways, whereas catastrophizing was the rarest. Many associations between various questioners’ results were also observed.
Cechy publikacji
discipline:Nauki o zdrowiu
discipline:Health sciences
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Original article presents the results of original research or experiment.
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Oryginalny artykuł naukowy przedstawia rezultaty oryginalnych badań naukowych lub eksperymentu.
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