Annual dynamics of shortwave radiation of bare arable lands on a global scale incorporating their roughness
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Nauk Geograficznych i Geologicznych (Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
Environmental Earth Sciences (25pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
1866-6280
EISSN
1866-6299
Wydawca
SPRINGER
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2018
Numer zeszytu
Strony od-do
Numer tomu
77
Link do pełnego tekstu
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Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Smoothing soil surfaces, which had previously been deeply plowed, increases their albedo, which results in a lower amount of shortwave radiation being absorbed by their surface layer. Those surfaces emit less long-wave radiation too, leading to a reduction in their surface temperature, which can affect the climate. This paper quantitatively estimates the highest possible amount of shortwave radiation that could be reflected throughout the year from bare soils on arable land in the most extensive agricultural regions, where major crops are cultivated, on six of the Earth’s continents. The estimation refers to the highest levels of soil radiation occurring during clear-sky conditions without any clouds when the surfaces that had been conventionally tilled were bare for several days or more after the day of planting and were air-dried in two extremeroughness states: those formed by a plow and a smoothing harrow. The annual dynamics of reflective shortwave radiation of the bare soils were obtained using vectorized and rasterized geostatistical data sets about the areas of the soils and periods when they were bare, as well the spectra of the soil units that occupied the majority of these areas. Adding together all of the diurnal amounts of shortwave radiation reflected from the bare soils for each of the regions in the world, it was found that their radiation peak, appearing on the 140th days of the year, can reach about 22 EJ/day for soils treated by a plow, and a further 3 EJ/day when they are smoothed by a smoothing harrow.
Cechy publikacji
discipline:Ekologia
discipline:Geografia
discipline:Ochrona środowiska – dziedzina nauk biologicznych
discipline:Ecology
discipline:Geography
discipline:Environmental protection – field of biological sciences
Original article
Original article presents the results of original research or experiment.
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy
Oryginalny artykuł naukowy przedstawia rezultaty oryginalnych badań naukowych lub eksperymentu.
Inne
System-identifier
PBN-R:904907
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