Distribution of Glutathione-Stabilized Gold Nanoparticles in Feline Fibrosarcomas and Their Role as a Drug Delivery System for Doxorubicin—Preclinical Studies in a Murine Model
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Chemii (Uniwersytet Warszawski)
Informacje podstawowe
Główny język publikacji
en
Czasopismo
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES (30pkt w roku publikacji)
ISSN
1422-0067
EISSN
Wydawca
MDPI AG
DOI
URL
Rok publikacji
2018
Numer zeszytu
4
Strony od-do
1021
Numer tomu
19
Link do pełnego tekstu
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Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Feline injection site sarcomas (FISS) are malignant skin tumors with high recurrence rates despite the primary treatment of radical surgical resections. Adjunctive radiotherapy or chemotherapy with doxorubicin is mostly ineffective. Cellular and molecular causes of multidrug resistance, specific physio-chemical properties of solid tumors impairing drug transport, and the tumor microenvironment have been indicated for causing standard chemotherapy failure. Gold nanoparticles are promising imaging tools, nanotherapeutics, and drug delivery systems (DDS) for chemotherapeutics, improving drug transport within solid tumors. This study was conducted to assess the distribution of 4-nm glutathione-stabilized gold nanoparticles in FISS and their influence on kidney and liver parameters in nude mice. The role of gold nanoparticles as a doxorubicin DDS in FISS was examined to determine the potential reasons for failure to translate results from in vitro to in vivo studies. Grade III tumors characterized by a large area of necrosis at their core displayed positive immuneexpression of tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) at both the periphery and within the tumor core near the area of necrosis. Gold nanoparticles did not cause necrosis at the injection site and had no negative effect on liver and kidney parameters in nude mice. Gold nanoparticles accumulated in the tumor core and at the periphery and co-internalized with TAM—an important observation and potential therapeutic target warranting further investigation. The large area of necrosis and high immunoexpression of TAM, indicating “pro-tumor macrophages”, may be responsible for FISS tumor progression and therapeutic failure. However, further studies are required to test this hypothesis.
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Original article
Original article presents the results of original research or experiment
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Oryginalny artykuł naukowy przedstawia rezultaty oryginalnych badań naukowych lub eksperymentu
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System-identifier
PX-5c8b938fd5de07f53ab7e638
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