Functional microbial diversity in context to agriculture
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Instytut Uprawy Nawożenia i Gleboznawstwa - Państwowy Instytut Badawczy
Książka
Tytuł książki
Microbial Diversity in the Genomic Era
Data publikacji
2018
ISBN
9780128148495
Wydawca
Academic Press Elseviere
Publikacja
Główny język publikacji
en
Tytuł rozdziału
Functional microbial diversity in context to agriculture
Rok publikacji
2018
Strony (od-do)
347-358
Numer rozdziału
20
Link do pełnego tekstu
Liczba arkuszy
1,65
Hasło encyklopedyczne
Autorzy
(liczba autorów: 2)
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
The functioning of the soil environment depends mainly on the number and activity of microorganisms, but also on their diversity. Species diversity of microorganisms affects the functional diversity of soil. Despite intensive research development, the number of known microorganisms varies from 0.1% to 10%. The least known group of microorganisms are those that inhabit the soil used for agricultural purposes. This is mainly due to the complexity and dynamics of agroecosystems. The soil microbial composition is influenced by the type of soil, season, weather conditions, the type of plant grown and stage of its growth, and especially the agrotechnics used by human (Torsvik and Øvrea˚s, 2002). In modern research of microbial communities, microorganisms are more and more often used to classify the criterion of their function rather than taxonomic classification. Functional diversity is related to the functions performed by individ- ual species and complete consortia of microorganisms. Knowing it helps to understand the principles of the ecosystem. Diversity can be indicated in a number of ways. One of them is the analysis of expression of genes responsible for par- ticular functions. The enzymatic activity of microorganisms is also determined. An interesting method is to evaluate the consumption of organic substrates by microorganisms. In 1991, Garland and Mills developed a method that uses the ability of microorganisms to consumption different carbon sources—CLPP—Community Level Physiological Profiling. Subsequently, Biolog has established CLPP-based research equipment, which allows to obtain a large amount of data reflecting the metabolic characteristics of microbial consortia in one research.
Cechy publikacji
Chapter in a book
Rozdział w książce
Inne
System-identifier
PBN-R:904025
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