Executive dysfunction in medical conditions
PBN-AR
Instytucja
Wydział Nauk Społecznych (Uniwersytet Gdański)
Książka
Tytuł książki
Executive functions in health and disease
Data publikacji
2017
ISBN
978-0-12-803676-1
Wydawca
Academic Press
Publikacja
Główny język publikacji
en
Tytuł rozdziału
Executive dysfunction in medical conditions
Rok publikacji
2017
Strony (od-do)
525-550
Numer rozdziału
Liczba arkuszy
1.25
Hasło encyklopedyczne
Autorzy
Słowa kluczowe
en
attention
cognition
frontal-subcortical networks
kidney disease
diabetes
hypertension
endocrine disease
liver disease
HiV
Streszczenia
Język
en
Treść
Due to the advances in molecular and genetic research, the last three decades have been associated with a substantial progress in understanding the relationship between chronic nonneurological somatic diseases (e.g., diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, thyroid disease, or rheumatoid arthritis) and the function of the central nervous system. As a result, it has been demonstrated that many of these somatic diseases may also affect neuronal networks that subserve attention/executive processes. The aim of this chapter was to characterize executive/attention disorders in individuals with medical/somatic disease, such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease, human immunodeficiency virus, liver disease, thyroid disease, and rheumatoid arthritis. Overall, it has been shown that in most of these chronic primary nonneurological conditions frontal networks (e.g., frontobasal gangliathalamic and frontotemporal networks) that mediate executive functions are particularly sensitive to the metabolic and endocrine disease-related abnormalities. Additionally, the effects of the disease-specific treatment methods and the impact of some of the comorbid conditions on cognition have been discussed.
Inne
System-identifier
UOGe01ff32d9a424c31a6fff0bba9540cae
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